Ukraine WOW

An interactive exhibition-trip around Ukraine and with Ukraine as a companion

A declaration
of love
IInitially, we wanted to tell you about Ukrainian railroads. They bring together all regions, cities and towns, mountains and seas, and people of all generations and professions. But we quickly realized that when we talk about the Ukrainian railway, we talk about Ukraine itself. About our wow-inspiring country. From east to west, from north to south, Ukraine is impressive. Stunning.

It is fascinating. This project is our declaration of love, our testimonial to those knocking wheels. Ukraine WOW shows the country, looking at its geography and culture, natural resources and industry, and the history of great Ukrainians of the past and those who create history today. It reflects on dreams and hopes and questions the future that depends on each of us. We are talking about yesterday's day – and we use modern technologies to do so. We make a living connection between what was, what is today, and what will be. After all, from Ukraine NOW to Ukraine WOW there is only one letter to change. Just one step. Do it. Take that step.
#1. Train Compartment
We were all children. We all went somewhere for the first time. Here and now you are young. You are travelling with adults, and you are very curious.

Everything around is huge, just gigantic. You are charmed and fascinated by this. New sounds, amazing things. Impressions are turning like wheels. It is snow outside the window. You hold your breath and take a look, a good long look. And of course, we will need the luggage. Guess we might say, to paraphrase the classics, that you are what you brought with you. Your baggage shows you as accurate as the reflection in the mirror.

So the suitcases are already loaded, the tea is brewed, the food is served. Let's go.
1.1 The train is starting its journey
This bell is unusual.
These appeared in stations at the same time the first railways were opened in the 19th century.With their help, they signaled the arrival or departure of trains.
One ring signals a warning for passengers to prepare for boarding. Two rings mean that passengers should take their places in the train car. Three rings mean that the train starts its journey.
#2. At First Sight
The first acquaintance with a country, its smells, sounds, landscapes, and the general expressions of the people who inhabit it, is a moment of endless importance. At this point, your personal story becomes part of a larger story.

What impression will the country have on you? Will the happy feeling of having a ticket come quickly? Will you like each other instantly, at first sight?

About one hundred and fifty million passengers travel by Ukrainian railway every year. What exactly do all these people see? What will you see?
2.1 Listen to Ukraine
Trembita, the Black Sea, Cheremosh, singing birds, the noise of the metro, the crowd at the Olympisky Stadium, the bustling train station. Just listen to how Ukraine sounds!
2.2 Try to guess which famous building you are touching
  • Golden Gate in Kyiv
  • Lviv City Hall
  • Odesa Opera House
2.3 The land under our feet
Everyone knows that Ukraine owns one third of the world's stock of the most fertile land, black earth. But there isn't just one kind of 'black earth'. After all, in Ukraine, there are 28 types of black earth and more than 650 type of soil, which are formed with different types of 'maternal' rocks. See how they differ from each other!
  1. Black soil
  2. Polissia soil
  3. Loam of forest steppe and steppe soils
  4. Peat from the Lviv peatlands
  5. The red-colored clays on which the black earth of Odesa are formed
  6. Pebble from the mountain-meadow soils of the Carpathians
  7. The shell rock on which the black soil of southern Ukraine is formed
  8. Chalk on which the sod-carbonate soils of the Transnistria are formed
  9. The sands on which the sod-podzolic soils of Polissia are formed
2.4 Travel Along Ukraine in 10 minutes
Train №45/46 "Lysychansk-Uzhgorod" crosses all of Ukraine. In 31 hours, 15 minutes it covers 1,646 kilometers. This is the best route to get to know the country. But right now, you can look in the magic 'wow window' and take the train from east to west in just ten minutes.

00:00 - 02:48 Lugansk region

02:48 - 04:31 Kharkiv region

04:31 - 05:49 Poltava region

05:49 - 06:47 Kyiv region

06:47 - 07:05 Zhytomyr region

07:05 - 07:15 Rivne region

07:15 - 08:20 Lviv region

08:20 - 09:54 Carpathians
2.5 If Ukraine were a train
Imagine reducing Ukraine to 400 seats and maintaining all of its proportions. How many men, women, students, railroaders, trainers, and pet owners would fit into ten wagons? And for how many passengers will a trip be the first time they've left their home region? Let's find out!

  • 185 men
  • 215 women
  • 278 city dwellers
  • 122 country folk
  • 3 babies
  • 69 children
  • 220 adults
  • 108 pensioners
  • 100 inhabitants of Western Ukraine
  • 142 residents of Eastern Ukraine
  • 114 residents of Central Ukraine
  • 44 residents of southern Ukraine
  • 248 people with internet access
  • 105 Instagram users
  • 124 Facebook users
  • 4 newlyweds
  • 172 people who believe in St. Nicholas
  • 100 people who believe in Santa Claus
  • 38 students:
  • 14 students of higher education3 freshmen
  • 4 graduated this year
  • 248 people who read at least one book a year
  • 60 cat owners
  • 40 dog owners
  • 149 employed citizens, including:
  • 3 Ukrzaliznytsia employees
  • 4 school teachers
  • 7 businessmen who have started their business in the last two years
  • 1 IT guy
  • 76 people who have been to other countries in Europe in the past five years
  • 148 people who have never been to other regions of Ukraine in the past 5 years
#3. Conversation
The country, as well as any person, is best known through exciting and honest dialogue. Open conversation is the key to understanding, sympathy, and even love. But what would Ukraine tell us if we would like to listen for hours, steadily following the routes of its narrative?

In fact, it would say many things. Things about what was and is happening now. About what nature has given her, and what she has gained. About something as big as the heart of the railroad, but also small, though no less remarkable. Like the first silver hryvnia of Ancient Rus.

There are four routes ahead of you. You can see their colors and names below. They are arranged chronologically and they intersect. How you will take them is a personal decision. You can be consistent, but you can also make your own route.

And not just one.

  • Places
  • Culture
  • History
  • Economy
3.1 Motherland
Undeniable fact: The Motherland monument is the highest monumental sculpture in Europe. Opened in 1981, it stands at a height of 102 meters. It was created by the author Vasily Boroday and his large team. Now there are two viewing platforms: one at 36.6 meters and the other at 91 meters. There are two lifts serving the platforms. Before you – a marvel of engineering. The thought that initially aroused an ironic smile in Kyiv. They even invented a nickname for the statue: "Victoria Petrovna".

That was how it played out the English word "victory", and the name and patronymic of Leonid Brezhnev's wife, who came to the opening of the monument. However, years have passed – and the head of the Motherland monument began to be connected to memories of May.

During the installation, 30 kilometers of imposed welds were placed on the sculpture, the statue itself can withstand an earthquake of up to nine points. The total weight of the structure is 450 tons. The length of just the sword is 16 meters, and for its mount, a special system of shock absorbers was developed. It is the best point in Kyiv to look at the city from above, and is a dizzying view – see for yourself.
3.2 The first written mention of the word "Ukraine"
The first written mention of the word "Ukraine" came to us together with the Chronicle of Kyiv, where an article from 1187 contains the following fragment: "Oy Oukraina is very full". In translation, it looks something like this: "Behind him, Ukraine has a lot of power." We are talking about the death of the Prince of Pereyaslav, Volodymyr Hlibovich. There are further mentions of Ukraine from the years 1189 and 1213, but this is the first one known.
3.3 When did the trident appear on money?
The Hryvnia has been a currency for about a thousand years. Initially, the so-called jewelry of gold or silver, which was worn around the neck, was called a "za-hryv-ka". Later, the hryvnia began to mean simply a piece of silver: "Kyiv" and "Chernihiv" hryvnias were shaped like a hexagon, and "Novgorod", like a long stick. But if the "Kyiv" was actually made in the current capital, the other two got their names because they were first found in treasures in those cities – Chernihiv and Novgorod. The turning point in the history of the Hryvnia came in the XIII century: it was cut into four parts, each of which was called "ruble".

The next period in which the Hryvnia again becomes an official currency on March 1, 1918, when it replaces the ruble of the UPR: the hryvnia was equal to half that ruble, divided by one hundred 'shahiv' (these, incidentally, were issued in the form of postage stamps) and had denominations of 2, 10, 100, 500, 1000 and 2000. They were first printed in Berlin. The brilliant Ukrainian graphic artist Heorhii Narbut created the look for the money.

For example, in a sketch of a 10-hryvnia bill, the illustrator used ornaments of Ukrainian book engravings of the 17th century, and in a 500-hryvnia bill, he placed an allegory to "Young Ukraine" in the form of a maiden's head in a wreath. It was because of this detail that the bill was popularly known as the "bump". There are also decorative fonts, and images of a trident, an ancestral sign of Prince Volodymyr the Great, and a crossbow that was the coat of arms of the Kyiv Magistrate of the XVI-XVIII centuries. Interestingly, depicting the trident was Narbut's idea. Its active use as a symbol of Ukrainian state-building began with him.
3.4 How 'bear' (medvid) became 'bear' (vedmed)
Here is a unique exhibit. Ten letters from the alphabet of Herhii Narbut, graphic artist, illustrator of numerous books, author of the first Ukrainian money and postage stamps, projects of the state emblem and seal of the Ukrainian state, and founder and rector of the Ukrainian Academy of Arts. A genius.

The main work of Narbut, where his talent was revealed, is considered to be "Ukrainian Alphabet" from 1917. Take a closer look: not only is technical virtuosity and conciseness here, it is also an echo of Baroque ornaments, the traditions of the Ukrainian handwriting book, and knowledge of the European School of Font, as well as the humor that manifests itself in combining the elements in the picture.

Narbut initially created the "Alphabet" bilingually, so he chose words that they were spelled equally in Russian and Ukrainian. But then he decided to make a purely Ukrainian version: redraw some letters and rename "bear" (medvid) to "bear" (vedmed). The artist lived only 34 years and managed to make only 15 letters. The "alphabet" was printed posthumously and with such a small circulation, it is a rare sight. Enjoy.
3.5 Europe's Matchmaker
Prince Yaroslav the Wise received such a resounding nickname because he was a visionary man. Today, he would be called a "real strategist". He married his sons and his daughters so deftly, that he received the title of "matchmaker of Europe". He was married to Queen Ingegerd, the daughter of the Swedish King Olaf III Skotkonung. And through the Yaroslaviches, he connected Rus with numerous dynastic marriages with influential European families, strengthening his political positions and forming an anti-Byzantine coalition. And that's how it was.

Anne of Kyiv married French King Henry I in 1051.

Svyatoslav Yaroslavich was married to Odo Stadensky, a German princess.

Izyaslav Yaroslavych married the daughter of the Polish King Mieszko II, Gertrude.

Anastasia Yaroslavna was betrothed to Hungarian King Andras I in 1046.

In 1045, Prince Yaroslav betrothed Elizabeth Yaroslavna to the Norwegian king Harald the Harsh.

Igor Yaroslavich was the husband of the German Princess Kuniunda Orlamund of the Ascanian dynasty. Although researchers doubt it.

The wife of Vsevolod Yaroslavich was Maria Konstantinovna, daughter of the Byzantine emperor Constantine IX Monomakh.
3.6 Yaroslavnas
In 1045, Prince Yaroslav betrothed Elizabeth Yaroslavna to the Norwegian king Harald the Harsh. In his spare time, Harold composed verses and sang. To Elizabeth, for example, he dedicated a song that spoke of "Ellisif," which is what the Vikings called Yaroslav's daughter. By the way, they crowned Elizabeth twice. After the death of Harald, she married the Danish King Sweyn II Estridsson and ascended the throne of Denmark.

It seems Hungary needs another Orthodox church!
In 1046, Anastasia Yaroslavna was betrothed to Hungarian king Andras I. Four children were born in this marriage, including Solomon (Shalamon), the future king of Hungary.

I will sign my name as Anna Rina!
We know the most about Anna Yaroslavna because she married French King Henry I in 1051. It is interesting that Henry was married twice. Yaroslav the Wise refused his delegation the first time. Anna gave birth to a king of four children: Philip I became king of France and Hugh the Great became one of the leaders of the First Crusade.
3.7 Pamir Radar Station
Chernivtsi Region

Until 1995, the Tomnatic Mountain in the Ukrainian Carpathians was a strategic object: a radar complex was in operation at its apex to monitor the airspace of the western USSR – from the Baltic Sea to the Turkish coast. Five domed structures are still there. You can see them, at a height of 1565 meters.
3.8 Lake Synevyr
Transcarpathian Region

Synevyr is not only the largest and deepest alpine lake in Ukraine, but also one of the most beautiful. It was formed about ten thousand years ago as a result of an earthquake. Recently, at the bottom of the lake, hundreds of tree trunks of fossilized trees have been found – 2121swq all standing vertically.

Recently, film makers have become interested in the scenic shores of Synevyr. The films "Zakhar Berkut" and "Cold Blood", starring Robert Patrick and Jean Reno in the lead roles.
3.9 Mukachevo skis
It's hard to believe, but all of Europe is skiing on Ukrainian skis! In 1995, Mukachevo's Tisza and the Austrian company Fischer launched the joint venture Fischer-Mukachevo. In 2016, thanks to him, Ukraine sold more skis to Europe than Chinese manufacturers (731,000 pairs) and became a major exporter of skis to the European market.

The factory produces 3.5 thousand pairs of skis every working day. And the Mukachevo factory also produces hockey sticks. In terms of their production, "Fischer-Mukachevo" ranks fourth in the world. These hockey sticks are used by 27-hockey players from the 31st NHL Club.
3.10 The Plebanivskiy Viaduct
Ternopil Region

The unique nine - arched bridge near the village of Plebanivka in the Ternopil Region was built in 1896 under the direction of Italian and Austrian engineers. You can drive around the viaduct by buying a ticket for the 357K (Kyiv-Rakhiv) train. It crosses the bridge at exactly 23:45. Unfortunately, at night it is difficult to see how strongly the viaduct is reminiscent of a bridge in the Scottish Glenfinnan that became famous in the Harry Potter films.

To get there in the afternoon, its takes one hour to travel from Ternopil to Plebanivka by bus and another half an hour by foot. If you go, here's a lifehack: it's best to take a picture of the viaduct from a nearby hill.
3.11 Old-growth forests
Transcarpathian Region

Officially, a virgin forest is a pristine forest. Its soil, climate, flora and fauna have not been subjected to human intervention. Thanks to this, scientists and researchers don't need to just imagine, but see with their own eyes the forests of centuries ago. Once upon a time, beech forests occupied 40% of Europe.

At present, in their original form, they have remained only on the territory of the UNESCO World Heritage Site, "Beech Forests of the Carpathians", over 70% of which is in Ukraine.
3.12 Optimistic cave
Ternopil Region

If Peter Jackson, director of the trilogy "The Lord of the Rings," knew about the Optimistic Cave, perhaps then he would have filmed all the underground scenes not on a green screen in the studio, but in the Ternopil Region. The cave looks like a real kingdom of dwarves. "Optimistic" is the longest gypsum cave in the world, the explored length of it is 260 km. The plaster maze, which lies at a depth of 20 m, is the first among the longest caves in Eurasia and the fifth in the world.

By the way, as long as it continues to be studied, it has a chance to rise in this ranking and overtake the Mexican cave Ox-Bel-Ha, which is only 13 km longer. Excursions of varying complexity are held in "Optimistic". Children and adults are offered a two-hour tour of the underground entrance. For extremists, 11-hour trips, during which 8 underground lakes and base camps of scientists and researchers working in the cave shown.
3.13 Podilsky Tovtry
Khmelnytsky Region

Podilsky Tovtry is the largest national nature park in Ukraine. It's a huge complex of unique man-made and natural objects that occupies a territory of 261,316 hectares! There are 19 archeological sites, more than 300 historical and architectural sites and 129 natural ones. Perhaps you have already visited part of Tovtry. For example, the town of Kamianets-Podilskyi. But there are plenty of interesting reasons to return to the Khmelnytskyi Region.

Tov is a three-way ridge that stretches 200 km from the village of Podkamin in the Lviv Region and as far as the Dniester into Moldova. It turns out to be a former barrier reef formed of ancient corals, oysters, shells, and algae that inhabited the seas of the Tortonian and Sarmatian eras. You can also climb the Karmalyukova mountain or the "Giant's Head" rock. Or you could go down to the three-leveled cave, "Atlantis". The choice is yours.
3.14 Narrow-gauge railway Antonivka-Zarichne
Rivne Region

A narrow gauge for modern rail is the same as a boat for the Navy or vinyl for the music industry. On the one hand, they are all like the heroes of yesterday, who will not retire at all, but on the other, they all have their fan clubs. In Europe, narrow gauge buses have almost no connection - they are mostly driven by tourists. In Ukraine, there are still three routes that are used by the local population for their intended purpose: it is the most convenient mode of transport for them. Narrow track Antonivka-Zarichne is the longest of the three, and therefore the longest in Europe. Its length is 106 km.

The "Polissy Tram" runs on Wednesdays, Fridays and Sundays. The whole journey takes four hours. Now that you know the distance and time, calculate the average speed of the train. Yes, it is only 27 km/h. Ideal to be amazed by the magnificent scenery behind the car window, which, by the way, is noticeably smaller than the standard. It is understandable: the track here is two times less than the standard (750 mm).

The "Cuckoo" journey, as it is also called, will not be boring. Near the village of Mlynok you will cross the only large railway wooden bridge in the country (153 m long), and all such bridges on the road will be 31. Stop, do not go yet. Do you know why this name is "Cuckoo"? Because the whistles of the old narrow-gauge wheels. They did not produce long honk like big horns, but shorter and higher sounds, similar to a cuckoo.
3.15 Publish it
Ivan Fedorov was a printer. This fantastic tome, "The Apostle"is his creation. It is the book he published in Lviv together with Belarusian, Peter Mstislavts. This book opened an era in East Slavic printing. Fedorov worked on it for exactly one year: from February 1573 to February 1574. The 279 sheets, printed in two colors, are called 'the circulation of 1200 copies'. To date, less than 50 copies have been preserved. The Apostle is a ministry book that includes parts of the books of the Old and New Testaments.

In general, Lviv and Fedorov are a story of great love, understanding, and fruitful cooperation. It is here that he published the first Eastern Slavonic "Bukvar". Here he eventually rested. Fedorov was not the first printer, but became the most renowned. He became a legend.
3.16 How Ukrainian Hogwarts taught Lomonosov and helped in the Nuremberg process
Ostroh Academy

The Ostroh Slavic-Greek-Latin school is considered to have been founded in 1578 by Prince Vasily-Constantine Ostrozsky himself. The format was revolutionary for the educational Orthodox tradition. This is said to have been a meeting of the Jesuit West with Byzantine East. The basis of the educational process was traditional for Medieval Europe. The study of the seven free sciences: grammar, rhetoric, dialectics, arithmetic, geometry, music, and astronomy.

There were also higher sciences: philosophy, theology, and medicine. Additionally, there were five languages: Slavic, Polish, Hebrew, Greek, and Latin.

Kyiv-Mohyla Academy

The Kyiv Mohyla Academy enjoyed the same status it does today back in 1658. The language of instruction in the Kyiv Mohyla of old was Latin. And it took 12 years of study to graduate! Some Mohyla students were Ivan Mazepa, Gregory Skovoroda, Hetman Skoropadsky and Samoilovich, Ivan Vygovsky, Colonel Bezborodko, composers Artemy Vedel and Maxim Berezovsky. Mykhailo Lomonosov, after leaving the Academy, took the Mohyla education principles and the very structure of teaching to the north, where Moscow University was born. By the decree of the Synod of August 14, 1817, the Academy was closed, for being too Ukrainian. On September 19, 1991, the National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy was established. In the same location.

Lviv University

As early as 1661, King Jan II Casimir issued a decree granting the local Jesuit College the "Academy of Dignity and University Title." This date is considered to be the foundation year of Lviv University. It consisted of four faculties: theological, legal, philosophical and medical.

Some notable graduates of the university are Ivan Franko, Bohdan Lepky, Bohdan-Igor Antonich, Leopold Staff, and Yevgeny Sverstiuk.

By the way, Gersh Lauterpacht with Rafal Lemkin also studied there as lawyers, who eventually proposed the concept of "human rights" and "genocide" and helped formulate charges against the Nazis in the Nuremberg trials, which changed international criminal law forever.
3.17 Orchestra Man
Petro Mohyla is multifaceted. It is easier to list who he wasn't than who he was. We think you understand.
According to his "main place of employment" - Archimandrite of Kyiv-Pechersk Monastery. Subsequently - Metropolitan of Kyiv and All Rus.
By origin - a representative of an ancient Moldovan family; his father a Wallachian and Moldovan master; mother a Semigorsk Lady.
As an Enlightenment Man, he opened the first school in the territory of Lavra, which after merging with the Kyiv Brotherhood School, later became Kyiv-Mohyla Academy.
As a diplomat, he tried to reconcile the Uniates and the Orthodox after the consequences of the Union of Brest. His efforts were unsuccessful.
As a church reformer, he was a "Ukrainian Martin Luther", and initiated the first Orthodox catechism.
As a Metropolitan, he was engaged in the restoration of the Sophia Cathedral and the old Church of the Savior on Berestov, the clearing of the remains of the Tithe Church, the restoration of the churches of the Vydubitsky Monastery. And he promoted the status of the Rus Church as an apostolic one. To be equal with the Roman Catholic Church.

Above all, he is the compiler of The Mohyla Tome (1646), a great liturgical book that painted church life in steps: from prayers and new liturgical rules to specific instructions for priests and the organization of church services. It is considered as a navigation book for the Orthodox faith.

You can see it here.
3.18 The heart of Ukrainian culture
When talking about the most original era in the history of Ukrainian culture, it is Baroque. The complexity of the forms, the increased decorative, and fundamentally excessive ornamentation. God seems menacing, man is small. And the world is tragic and mysterious. And most importantly: the universal person of the Renaissance is replaced by "the national man". The adjective "Cossack" is often added to the word baroque. Why? First, the Cossack elders, the new aristocracy, often acted as a patron and patron saint of sacral and secular structures, where the Cossack Baroque manifested itself most splendidly.

And secondly, over the two centuries, a particular type of aesthetics emerged in the environment around the Cossacks, which became increasingly original. And in the end, he took center stage. What kind of person is he? Take a walk to the bottom. Look at the Podolsky Church of the Intercession, or at Mykola' church on the Embankment, the stone wall at the Gate of the Church of Elijah, or the fountain of Samson. All of this was projected by Ivan Grigorovich-Barsky, one of the most important architects of the day.

Or Stepan Kovnir, who gave the Kyiv-Pechersk Lavra its present-day appearance: bell towers, pediments, the Kownirivsky area. There are also constructions in Chernihiv and Kharkiv, Poltava and Pereyaslav. Historic Baroque has passed. Books, scores, and many buildings were created over the era. And Ukrainian culture will remain first and foremost a Baroque one. Lush, joyfully threatening, and mysterious. The kind that is created for the "decoration of a country".
3.19 Ivan Mazepa
The Cossack Baroque also has another name: it is often called "Mazepa" Baroque, in honor of Ivan Mazepa – a political leader who freely wielded Polish and Russian, Tatar and French, Italian and German, as well as Latin. A noblewoman who received serious training at the court of the Polish King, made educational trips to Europe, studied at the Kyiv-Mohyla Academy and was interested in literature. He was a hetman that kept his mace in use for 22 years, and passionately engaged in patronage and generously supported Ukrainian culture. Because he was not just one of the most educated monarchs of his day, but also one of the richest. Above all, he supported church building itself. It is said that 12 churches and up 20 temples were restored at his cost.

There was also evidence of a "Fine Hetman Library". In 1701, Mazepa bought a luxuriously ornamented and miniature decorated Gospel of Peresopnytsia, which he later donated to the Pereyaslav Cathedral: Presidents of Ukraine swear by this book today.

But another hetman gift lies abroad in Aleppo, Syria. It is a copy of the Gospel in the Arabic language, decorated with precious stones. Here you can also see an example of a beautifully decorated Gospel belonging to "Mazepa" Baroque.
3.20 The gates of Heaven
Ukrainian Baroque is, first and foremost, very detailed.
Just look, and you will be transported to a special world.
The ecclesiastical royal gates in front of you were made in the XVIII century in Galicia.
They are all marked six times, as that is how it used to be.
The lower four depict the evangelists Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. The top two represent the Annunciation with the Virgin Mary and Archangel Gabriel.
Although the themes are common, they vary in decoration. The metal finish on the first door imitates the windows and doors of the stone houses, which began to be used in the seventeenth century.
In the second door, the features of Baroque are combined with features of the late Renaissance, and the Greek Catholic style is superimposed on the Orthodox. And let's not forget about folk motifs. The yellow flowers are from that style. The vine on the third door symbolizes Christ.
3.21 When was "ґ" born?
It seems to many that the letter "ґ" was not invented long ago. Although actually, its year of birth is 1619. In this form, "Ґ" appeared in the 1619 book of "Slavic Grammar" by Meletia Smotrytsky, which was a textbook of the Church Slavonic language, which was spoken only in church.

And there is another interesting thing. By separating the "dead language" from the living Slavic, Smotrytsky helped the development of the Old Ukrainian language. Many of the grammatical rules written by him are still used in modern literary Ukrainian.

Smotrytsky also approved the application of the letter "й", and the already mentioned "ґ". In 1933, because of an ideology, "ґ" was removed from the Ukrainian alphabet, and only placed back in 1990. This year, the letter celebrates its 400th anniversary!
3.22 The Master
The Galician sculptor virtuoso that originated before the appearance of two dozen masterpieces made of wood and stone, gave birth to a whole generation of talented current artists and raised the bar of craft to new heights.

Such a sculptor indeed existed, and he lived in the 18th century. His name was Johann Georg Pinsel. He worked, as a rule, on request or by invitation. Whether or not he was born a Ukrainian is unknown, but the fact that he has become part of the Ukrainian culture is certain.

He was studied starting in the 20th century. But let's go back. Pinsel is primarily known as a master of wood. The altar of the Dominican Cathedral in Lviv is the best confirmation of this. But it did not happen without magic. Because those figures are the apostles Peter and Paul, the evangelist Luke, John the Baptist... Look at how many movements and expressions they have! Look at how many folds they have in their clothes. In 2012, Pinsel's work was exhibited in the Louvre, and it now recognized worldwide.
3.23 Quite a Secret
Not the Illuminati and the Templars, but there are secret societies in Ukrainian history too. And here are some of them:

- Southern Decemberists Society. The secret revolutionary Decembrists organization in Ukraine Established in March 1821. The members wanted to, first and foremost, establish constitutional order in Russia.

- Kharkiv Kyiv Secret Society. An underground organization aimed at combating tsarist autocracy, founded by students of Kharkiv University in 1856.

- Krylos Cathedral. The earliest mention of the Cathedral of Krylos is recorded in the letter of the Queen of the Commonwealth Jadwiga in 1387. As a society, it was created by Ukrainian (or otherwise Russian) clergy to preserve and promote the church and the state.

- The Cyril and Methodius Society (or Brotherhood) The first Ukrainian secret political organization that emerged in Kyiv at the end of 1845. It relied on the traditions of Ukrainian autonomy. It was for his participation that Taras Shevchenko was first arrested and sentenced.

But Ukrainian Masons have never been secret. Ivan Kotlyarevsky, for example, was a member of the Poltava Masonic Lodge "Love for Truth", which included almost all the surroundings of then-Governor-General Mykola Repnin. Usually, they talked about politics and the economy, not conspiracies.
3.24 The Biggest Literary "Wow"
If you are told that books are written exceptionally seriously, alone and with noble muses behind the author, don't believe it. Ukrainian culture knows other stories. Because new Ukrainian literature begins with Aeneid.

Ivan Kotlyarevsky invented his epochal poem right at a card table, playing and joking with his military colleagues. No wonder the book mentions so many names of games: "in the harness", "in the hollow", "in the steam", "in the cart", "in the low", "on the bench", "in the Pamphile", "in the hat", "in seven letters". Aeneid is the first large-scale monument of Ukrainian literature written in colloquial Ukrainian: not Old Ukrainian, not a crossword, and not literary Old Slavic. Just plain, living Ukrainian.

In the Aeneid, there are 7,000 words. For comparison, in the Dictionary of the Language of Shevchenko, about 10,000 words are recorded.
3.25 The one they didn't catch
In Ukrainian literature, three people stand out: Shevchenko, Ukrainka, Franco. But over time, it becomes increasingly clear that this is not enough. At least Skovoroda comes to mind. Why? Who was Gregory Savich really? A philosopher who wrote many things but never published anything in his life. A wonderful singer and songwriter who gave up his career for teaching and reading. He was a principled traveler who has been to Vienna and Pressburg but spent most of his life on the road. He was our first hippie and downshifter who did not give up long visits to well-to-do acquaintances. But this is not enough.

Skovoroda is a frontier figure for two Ukraines: the old, hetman, and the new, who actively sought solid national self-determination. Ukraine is old-fashioned and Ukraine is modern. And in the middle of Skovoroda is an example of what can be when changing eras, and that you don't need to lose yourself along the way. Skovoroda, if you think, is a good adviser: he has utterances capable of supporting you at any moment. They would have long been worth printing in fortune cookies.

If you love profit, look for it in a decent way. There are a thousand blessed crafts before you.

The mind is not a product of a book. A book is the product of the mind.

Those who do not like hassle must learn how to live simply and poorly.

Of all losses, loss of time is the hardest.

What he liked, he turned into.

Not all poison tastes bad.

How silly it is to ask for what you can do yourself.

Life is wonderfully arranged: things need are simple, and complicated things are unnecessary.

The most dangerous enemy is the one who pretends to be your friend.

Love arises from love; when I want to be loved, I love myself first.
3.26 Strength and endurance
The heart of the railway is the train, and the heart of any train is the engine. Before you stands the locomotive CHME3. It is an electric locomotive, which itself provides electricity. It boasts a four-stroke engine, 1350 horsepower, and a tank of 6000 liters of fuel, which is enough for two and a half hours of operation. It has six wheel pairs and a top speed of 95 kilometers per hour. It can carry up to 1.5 thousand tons. It represents strength and endurance. Inside it, everything is buzzing and moving.
See for yourself! Listen to how it sounds.
3.27 Timeline
October 1860 - construction of the first railway station completed in Lviv

November 4, 1861 - the first train "Yaroslav" arrives on the platform of the new railway station in Lviv, connecting the city with Vienna

February 1870 - the first all-metal bridge across the Dnipro in Kyiv was opened, the longest in Europe at the time

1868-1870 - the first railway station in Kyiv was built, designed by architect Vyshnevsky

November 4, 1871 - the railway from Ternopil to Volochysk was opened, connecting both Austrian and Russian parts of Ukraine for the first time

July 19, 1889 - the building of the Southwest Railway Office was opened in Kyiv

1957 - The Kharkiv-Vladivostok train route entered the Guinness Book of Records as the world's longest passenger route, lasting about 175 hours

December 14, 1991 - The Cabinet of Ministers established the Urkainian State Administration of Railway Transport
3.28 The First Ukrainian Political Party: How was it?
Politics today has a large part in our lives. But from when can the beginning of legitimate Ukrainian political life be traced? On October 4, 1890, in Lviv, in Galicia, then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the first Ukrainian political party was founded. It was called the PSA, but was first named the RURP: the Russo-Ukrainian Radical Party. It was created on the basis of Drahomanov circles, which were very popular in Galicia then. Who did all these things?

The Congress was chaired by Ivan Franko, with well-known lawyers and public figures. Mykhailo Pavlik, a close friend of Franko, translator, and writer, became the party's second chairman. The party did not exist without heated discussions. During some of them, the idea of Ukrainian political independence was put forward. It appeared in Julian Bachinsky's book Ukraine Irredenta, published in 1895. RURP was a party of European style. It has a solid program, mass organization, and registered membership.

The main goal was to awaken and mobilize the masses and to create political power from them. Mykhailo Pavlik wrote to Mykhailo Drahomanov on October 11 about the program of the newly formed party: "Still, it came out nothing – even though it is the first program in Galicia." By 1939, the party transformed many times but remained the second most influential legal force in Galician politics. And then, everything changed.
3.29 Our Others
It sometimes happens that a person is born in one place and becomes globally popular in another. A great number of famous people were born in today's Ukraine, who, although indirectly, are involved in Ukrainian culture.

- Serge Lifar was originally from Kyiv and became a prominent dancer and choreographer in France.

- Born in Drohobych, Bruno Schultz became a classic of Polish modernist literature, a legendary author.

- Ilya Mechnikov was born in the village of Ivanivka, Kharkiv Region, and became a world-renowned Nobel Prize winner in physiology and medicine.

- Stanislav Lem was born in Lviv – and became the father of Polish fantasy.

- Shmuel Agnon was born in Buchach and became a Nobel laureate in literature from Israel.

- Leopold von Sacher-Masoch was the son of the rector of Lviv University – and became an Austrian classic. The one who passionately told the world about sadomasochism.

- Igor Sikorsky was born in Kyiv and became an aircraft designer, innovator, and the father of the helicopter.

- Paul Celan came from Chernivtsi – and became one of the greatest German – comic poets of the twentieth century.

- Anna Akhmatova was born in Odesa, her maiden name Gorenko. She became one of the top poets of Russian literature.

- Born in Kyiv, Volodymyr Horowitz became one of the most outstanding American pianists of all time.

- Golda Meir was born in Kyiv and became one of the founders of the State of Israel, as well as the country's Prime Minister.

- Joseph Conrad was born near Berdichev – and became a classic of English literature. He was the author of the iconic novel Heart of Darkness.

- Sonya Delone was born in Odesa and earned herself the glory of working as a prominent artist working in the Art Deco style in France.

- Serhiy Prokofiev was born in the Sontsivka estate in the Donetsk Region, and became a famous composer.
3.30 Camera, Action!
See how interesting it turns out. The Lumiere brothers, considered to be the inventors of cinema, held their first film session on December 28, 1895. But was is the first one after all?

In November 1893, a public demonstration of two films made by a "kinescope" on the Odesa racetrack took place at the Odesa Hotel "France". The films were "The Horseman" and "The Spear Meter". This was followed by the Ukrainian inventor and mechanic Joseph Tymchenko, who was ahead of the Lumiere brothers by two years. But, unfortunately, he never patented his invention.

But the photographer Alfred Fetskyi perfected the cinematic apparatus, which, since 1896, began to make chronological films for the first time in Ukraine. On December 2, 1896, he held the first public screening in Ukraine at the Kharkiv Opera House.
3.31 Listen to Ukrainian
Do you know the most popular Christmas melody in the Western world? You do! You've heard it. It stars in the films "Home Alone" and even "Harry Potter". This is Shchedrik, or Carol of the Bells. The folk song was famously crafted by the composer and conductor Mykola Leontovich, known for his choral miniatures. "Shchedryk" was performed for the first time by the choir of Kyiv University in 1916.

And on October 5, 1921, it was played at a Carnegie Hall concert in New York. Today, during the Christmas holidays, a variation of "Shchedryk" can be heard millions of times across the globe.

But that's not all. "Summertime", one of the most famous jazz standards, which was performed by Louis Armstrong, Ella Fitzgerald, and Janis Joplin, is also of Ukrainian origin. After all, the American composer George Gershwin, the son of Jewish immigrants from Ukraine, laid the basis of the eponymous Ukrainian lullaby "Oh the dream goes around the windows". There are currently over twenty-three thousand recordings of the song.
3.32 The Father of Chimera
In Kyiv, architects lived and worked, but only one became #1. He himself became a symbol of the capital, and made his creations the business cards of the city. Władysław Horodecki, a native of a Polish family, began with the construction of a sewage pumping station, and then 20 years later, in order to show his most amazing and most eccentric building, he built the House of the Chimeras. It is built on a steep slope and is richly decorated with sculptures, which added spiciness.

At that time, the total cost of the project reached an altitude of 133,000 rubles. It is said that during the construction, Horodecki dreamed to go on a safari to Africa, so the building had to give birth to an image of an African mountain in the minds of passers-by. Not surprisingly, the walls and roof adorn numerous heads of elephants, giraffes, lions, antelopes, crocodiles and rhinos.

By the way, everything is no less bizarre and amazing inside than outside. Crossing the threshold, you find yourself at the bottom of the sea. The foyer decorated with fish and octopus figures.
3.33 The Birth of the Coat of Arms
Ukrainian culture knows many prominent families. The Kosachs, Tobilevichis, or the Rudnitskies.
And then there are Krichevskies. Vasyl Krichevsky was the center of his family. His sons, Vasily and Mykola, became artists, his brother an educator, and he became famous as an architect and graphic artist. It was he who developed the small and large versions of the national coat of arms of the Ukrainian People's Republic in 1918, at the same time Narbut was working on illustrating currency. In fact, the UPR coat of arms it the direct prototype of the modern one. It was designed 101 years ago.
3.34 Happiness Cannot be Found in Money
When it comes to Ukrainian philanthropy, the names of four families immediately come to mind: the Hanenko, Simirenko, Tereshchenko and Kharitonenko families. Why? See how much these wonderful families have supported and created.

Bohdan and Varvara Hanenko

This family commissioned the collection of about 1200 works of Western European, Egyptian, Byzantine, Ancient Rusian, and Oriental art. Bohdan Khanenko organized and partially financed the construction of the Kyiv Art and Industrial Museum, known today as the National Art Museum of Ukraine. The family supported hospitals, shelters, schools, schools, and contributed to the construction of the Polytechnic Institute. Varvara Khanenko created and ran 6 folk art workshops in the Kyiv Region.

Vasyl and Platon Simirenko

Vasyl Simirenko supported the first all-Ukrainian newspapers: 'Rada', 'Public Opinion', 'Ukraine', and 'The Literary-Scientific Bulletin'. He supported Chubinsky and Kotsubinsky, assisted Drahomanov in his emigration to Switzerland, and gave him money for printing. He donated 100 thousand rubles of gold to house the Scientific Society named after Taras Shevchenko in Lviv. They also contributed to the birth of Ukrainian theater. Platon Simirenko funded the 1860 edition of Shevchenko's Kobzar.

Mykola Tereshchenko

During his lifetime, this philanthropist donated about five million rubles, with nearly half going to Kyiv. With his support, hospitals, shelters, and educational establishments could operate. He supported a school for the blind, a maternity shelter, the Mariinsky children's shelter, a free 100-bed hospital, a shelter for the deaf, and a juvenile detention center. Additionally, Tereshchenko allocated funds (40 thousand rubles) for the organization of the Alexander I Men's Gymnasium, and was its honorary trustee for quite some time.

Tereshchenko also supported the creation of the Kyiv-Podolsk Women's Gymnasium, the school at the Borisoglebsk Church, the Trinity People's Literacy House, a men's three-class trade school in Podil, and a co-ed city school. He transferred 150 thousand rubles to the building fund of the Polytechnic Institute, earmarked considerable funds for the construction of St. Volodymyr's Cathedral, the Church of the Intercession in Solomenka, and St. Mykola' Cathedral in the Monastery of the Intercession. Tereshchenko enriched the collection of the City Museum of Antiquities and Art.

Male and female gymnasiums, a boarding school for high school students, county artisan school, children's shelter, city hospital, a number of private residences, and the Institute of Teachers, the oldest pedagogical educational institution in Ukraine were all built in the city of Glukhov with Mykola's support.

Ivan and Pavlo Kharitonenko

At the expense of the family an orphanage for girls, a dormitory for students of Kharkiv University, a Sumy school and women's gymnasium, cadet corps, peasant bank and children's hospital were established. The first concrete bridge in Sumy across the Sumka River was also built at the family's expense in 1910. With the help of Ivan Kharitonenko, a church was built in the village of Nizhny Sera.

Pavlo Kharitonenko assisted in funding the building of the Trinity Cathedral and the Church of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, also in Sumy. He bought and restored the palace in Kachanivka, which is now a national historical and cultural reserve. He also sponsored the creation of the Khmelnitsky Monument in Kyiv.
3.35 Voice
One hundred years before Europe was fascinated by the Ruslana and Jamala's singing, a Ukrainian female voice could already be heard in the continent's best operas. The voice of Solomiya Krushelnytska. The singer performed with Caruso and Chaliapin and rescued composer Puccini from failure. And she was born in the village of Bilyavintsi, in the Buchach district, to a family that dates back to the fourteenth century. In order for his daughter to study, Solomiya's father had to take out a loan, but he never regretted it.

After studying in Ternopil and Lviv, she traveled to Italy to return a mature artist, and quickly become popular worldwide. The last time Krushelnytska took the stage was at the age of 77. It was in Ukraine, where she returned after forty years of living in Europe. Krushelnytska sang in the Lviv Opera.
3.36 The Whole World is Kurbas
Even in the most meticulous way, Les Kurbas is a world-class asset. In the late 1920s and early 1930s, whoever saw his People's Malachi and MacLean Grace in Kharkiv, remembered it even fifty years later, and spoke of it with a tremor in their voice. Les Kurbas only had ten years to create a dream theater, and he did. It was called Berezil. The theater has left a lot of itself behind.

Even today, an echo of its aesthetics can be seen in the productions of the legendary Robert Sturua. Kurbas is a theatrical revolutionary and a trailblazer. Instead of scenery, he had Vadim Meller's true engineering designs. In Macbeth, the first ever Shakespearean production in the history of the Ukrainian theater, the actors acted as characters on their own behalf. And he had a movie screen on stage during his "Jimmy Gigi" play, turning the show into a multimedia production. And most importantly, Kurbas had his own audience - the theatrical people of Kharkiv, which he helped create and fashion.
3.37 Beskid tunnel
Lviv, Transcarpathian Region

On May 24, 2018, The Ukrainian Rail Service, officially opened a new two-track Beskid tunnel, and on May 25, it launched the first train. The tunnel plays a strategically important role. It carries over 60% of transit freight to Western and Central Europe. The tunnel passes the Pan-European Transport Corridor, which crosses the territory of Italy, Slovenia, Hungary, Slovakia, and Ukraine.

The history of the Beskid tunnel is long. Its first version was built 133 years ago, under Emperor Franz Joseph I. During the Second World War, the tunnel was partially destroyed, then rebuilt. But it was only in 2018 that it really got a new lease on life. When the tunnel became two-track, its capacity increased from 47 to 92 pairs of trains per day, and the speed of passage increased from 15-40 to 60-70 km/h.
3.38 Kinburn Spit
Mykolaiv Region

Another tourist paradise on the map of Ukraine. Kosa is part of the Kinburn Peninsula, located between the Black Sea and the Dnipro-Buh estuary. On one side, it is washed by salt water, and fresh water on the other. Due to this feature, a specific microclimate prevails on the spit. There, you can see what you will not see anywhere else.

For example, a series of salty white clay lakes, close to 240 bird species (white-tailed eagles and pink pelicans are a separate "wow"), and the Pokrovsky Orchid Field, the largest orchid field in Europe, where over 500 orchids can grow in just one square meter.
3.39 Manganese Ore
Ukraine ranks first in Europe and second in the world in manganese ore reserves. 42.3% of the world's manganese reserves are in the depths of our land. Without manganese, one of the most important industries, ferrous metallurgy, could not account for 90% of the extracted raw materials it needs to operate.
3.40 Botievska Wind Farm
One of the five largest wind farms in Central and Eastern Europe operates in Ukraine. Its capacity (200 MW) is sufficient to supply Zaporizhzhia and all its industrial facilities with electricity for 5 months. Once a week, anyone can climb the tower of one of the wind turbines.

Free tours start on Fridays at 10:00. Standing at a height of 94 meters (only 8 meters below the Motherland statue in Kyiv), you can estimate the scale of the structure. But hold on to the handrails! The wind up there blows at 18 m/s. The slow-moving blades of the windmills are 55 meters long. They remain the largest cargo ever shipped into the port of Mariupol.
3.41 Soy, wheat & corn
Ukraine grows and exports soybeans more than any other European country. By volume of production, we are 8th in the world. The main soybean-growing area of Ukraine is Khmelnytskyi, with Zhytomyr taking second, and Kherson in third.

In the early nineteenth century, Ukraine grew one fifth of all wheat on the planet. Today, that number is just over 3%. But things have been improving over the years. Grain production, as well as the number of countries buying Ukrainian wheat, is growing. In 2019, Ukraine became the main supplier of wheat to EU countries. Out of every 100 wheat grains imported by Europe, 42 are grown by our farmers.

Ukraine is the largest exporter of corn in Europe and 8th in the world. Often referred to as the "Queen of the Field", corn is the most common grain crop in the world. In Ukraine alone, 400 hybrid varieties are grown.
3.42 Titanium
Titanium, the hardest and most solid metal in the world, has a long and rich history in Ukraine. It was once considered of little use. But in the late 1950s, it was in Kyiv, at the Institute of Electric Welding, that the first technology in the world to produce titanium ingots and its alloys. How unique this achievement is can be judged by the fact that today, 70 years later, only two countries have mastered the full production cycle of titanium rolled products – China and the US. In terms of deposits of titanium ore, Ukraine holds first place in Europe, and 20% of the world's reserves of the "metal of the future" are concentrated in deposits in the Kyiv, Dnipropetrovsk, Kharkiv, and Zhytomyr Regions.

Where is our titanium used? It is used for modern aircraft parts (titanium alloys make up 8-9% of the weight of the glider), hulls and submarines, prostheses and implants, and plates for body armor (titanium alloys are 45% lighter than steel). But the interesting thing is that all this production uses only 3% of the extracted titanium ore. The rest of the raw material is turned into a white dye for the production of paints, coatings, plastics, and paper.
3.43 Sunflower Oil
Ukraine is the world's No.1 exporter of sunflower oil! Over the past year, Ukrainian companies have produced 6.5 million tonnes of oil. Obviously, we won't eat that much ourselves, even with sauerkraut, so we sell the rest (95%) abroad. In Ukraine WOW, you can see only 80 sunflowers. However, at the main oil exporter Kernel, there are over 143,000 hectares of sunflower fields.
3.44 Draw Bridges
Mykolaiv, Dnipropetrovsk, Poltava, and Odesa Regions

The Ingul bridge in Mykolaiv belongs to the single-wing drawbridge. It is 76.25 meters long. When it is necessary to allow repaired vessels from the Mykolaiv Shipyard to pass, it rises like the bridge in a medieval castle. Only without the chains.

The Varvarivsky bridge belongs to the category of rotary, two-handed bridges. When a vessel is to pass, its 128.7 meter recoil spur rotates 90° centrally and parallel to the river. That is, it opens for ships to pass on both sides.

The Amur Bridge in the Dnipro River, the Kryukovskiy Bridge in Kremenchuk, and the bridge over the strait near the village of Karolina-Bugaz are vertical bridges. When a large vessel needs to pass, the rolling span is pulled up.
3.45 Jarilgach Island
Kherson Region

Jarilgach has set several records. It is the largest uninhabited island in Europe and the largest island of Ukraine and the Black Sea, measuring 62 square km. In 2009, the Jarilgach National Nature Park was established on the island. It has a special place that is worth seeing at night, the Pindika lakes. This is a cluster of about two hundred salt lakes. When you see them, it seems as if you have landed on another planet.
3.46 Ukrainian gold
Amber continues to stir up passion - and this is understandable. Since ancient times, it has been called the "gold of the North" and "the heat-stone". And Ukraine ranks second in the world in its deposits. But what else is known? Today there are 32 types of amber. It is sanded, carved, and drilled. The Ukrainian amber in the Pripyat, Dnipro and Dniester basins is from 37 to 50 million years old. The biggest deposit is located in the Rivne Region. Amber jade is the oldest precious stone known to man.

By the way, among all known collections of archeological amber in Europe, the largest comes from the Gordievsky burial ground in the Vinnytsia Region. More than one and a half thousand items were found there. In Europe, along with the Silk Road, there was also the Amber Route: from the Baltic Sea to Egypt. It passed through Western lands as well. You probably have something made of amber at home. Is it really amber? It's easy to check. Real amber floats in saltwater and fake amber sinks. Here you can see real amber. Yellow-brown, cherry-red. Ukrainian. This is how it is born, rising closer to the surface. Slowly but not relentlessly. A natural miracle. A real 'wow' moment.
3.47 First, there was the wheel
One wagon has eight wheels. There are more than 120 thousand cars in Ukrzaliznytsia. That's almost a million wheels! By the way, the metallurgical company Interpipe can provide almost half of this amount in a single year. The weight of the wheels varies. Passenger cars can be put on 165kg wheels, but some locomotives use wheels that weigh up to 1000 kg.

One wheel pair can support up to 40 tonnes and run about 1 million kilometers. That's about the distance from the Earth to the moon and back. Let something important start right here. Let the wheel spin - big and strong.
3.48 Ukrzaliznytsia (Ukrainian Railways) is the country's main carrier
The length of Ukrzaliznytsia tracks is the third in Europe at 19790.9 km, which is almost half the length of the equator. By volume of freight transportation - it ranks fourth on the Eurasian continent after the railways of China, Russia and India. In 2018 alone, Ukrzaliznytsia transported 414,000 passengers (population of Kherson and Uzhgorod put together) and 883 thousand tons of cargo.

In terms of the total volume of transportation by all modes of transport, 80.2% of freight and 32.1% of passenger traffic in Ukraine are now carried by rail. Want to ride in the driver's seat? Wear your VR glasses!
3.49 Space industry
Ukrainian space begins in the Dnipro. Here, the design bureau "Southern" and "Southern Engineering Plant" are located. Thanks to them, the most important projects (Kosmotras, Sea Start, Alcantara) and development (Cyclone, Dnipro, and Zenith missiles) were brought to life.

Thanks to them, 154 rockets and 380 spacecraft have flown into space during Ukraine's independence. Six more Ukrainian satellites are planned to be launched by 2025: the Lybid communication system, the Microsat-M scientific and technological purpose system, and the Earth-remote sensing system "Sich-2-1", "Sich-2-2", "Sat4EO", and "Sich-2M".
3.50 Lighthouses
Odesa, Mykolaiv, Kherson Regions

Until recently, it was impossible to enter Ukrainian lighthouses. They were all guarded as navigation objects, which meant no outsiders. Fortunately, the Ministry of Infrastructure has found itself to be more compassionate, and this September, opened the first four beacons to officially accept tourists.

The Stanislav-Agygol Rear Lighthouse is the tallest in Ukraine (64 m). It was built in 1911 near the village of Rybalce, in the Kherson Region. The lighthouse stands on an artificial stone - an islet of 400 meters squared, and looks like a hyperboloid structure made of steel bars.

The Sievers Front lighthouse in Mykolaiv looks like a six-sided white tower. It stands 18 meters tall, with two faces of which (from the side of the Buzko-Dnipro-Liman canal) are painted red.

The Vorontsovsky lighthouse stands on the Raid breakwater in Odesa. Over the centuries, several Vorontsov lighthouses have been built there. The modern one is 26 meters high, with a white tower and a red lantern. It was installed in 1954. Its predecessor, the cast-iron, 17-meter lighthouse, was the first in Ukraine and the fourth in the world to be an electric lighthouse.

The Genichesky lighthouse is a white two-storey lighthouse with a four-sided beacon tower in the middle. It is more than 140 years old.
3.51 The Pink Birds
Odesa Region

Eagles, owls, herons, turtle doves, partridges, and grouse. There are about 430 bird species in Ukraine. Among them are pelicans. A real pink pelican. Haven't heard of it? It is included in the Red Book of Ukraine for endangered species. These pelicans can be seen in the Danube Delta, where Ukraine borders Romania.

By the way, it is almost the largest colony in the world, with up to 30 thousand individuals here. But this is only in Summer. In Winter, they fly to Lake Victoria in Africa. Although this isn't the most amazing fact about pink pelicans. The span of their wings can reach three and a half meters. They are also agile fishermen. They do best in shallow waters. They can fit about three buckets of food in their beaks, and they can eat a kilogram and a half a day or more. The pelican has long been a symbol of self-sacrifice and charity. Dante Alighieri in Divine Comedy even calls Christ our Pelican. Aries! That is our way - wow!
3.52 Stanislavsky Cliffs
Kherson Region

"Is this really in Ukraine?" This is a typical reaction of a person who sees the light of the Kherson Mountains (also known as the Stanislavsky Cliffs). These deep ravines, densely covered in steppe vegetation, are on the banks of the Dnipro-Buh estuary near the village of Stanislav.

From the top, which is 40 meters above the water, you can see amazing views, with the estuary one side and the steppe on the other. Ancient Greek scholar Herodotus described these places as Cape Hippolayus. And Kuzma Skryabin considered the Kherson Mountains to be the "place of happy people". In 2011, he made a music video named just that.
3.53 Cascades Tract
Kirovograd Region

The Cascades Tract is a rare place for flat Ukraine because there, one can see natural waterfalls. The waterfall is 2 billion years old. Yes, billions. The rocks that come to the surface of the so-called 'Ukrainian Shield' are some of the Earth's oldest geological structures.
3.54 UTR-2 Radio Telescope
Kharkiv Region

Does Saturn shine? Thanks to the world's largest radio telescope UT-2, we know that it does. It was first recorded 13 years ago. Are there many pulsars in the universe? There are many, but by 2010, all of the radio telescopes in the world detected only 12. The UTR-2 added 30 more to the list.

The Second Ukrainian T-shaped radio telescope (abbreviated as UTR-2) covers an area of 150,000 meters squared, which is about 25 football fields. It looks fantastic. It is filled with weird-shaped antennas, each standing 3 meters high. There are 2,040 of them here. And that's not all! There are another 550 antennas for the GURT (Giant Ukrainian Radio Telescope) flashing in the distance, which will have the chance to become the dream of astronomers around the world - a 1 million square meter radio telescope.
3.55 The Belokuzminivsky Rocks
Donetsk Region

Some 15 kilometers east of Kramatorsk is a 90 million year old geographic natural monument. The Belokuzminivsky rocks are "pillars". Despite the fact that the Belokuzminiv rocks are not rocks at all (the scientific name of the natural miracle is the "rocky outcrop of the Upper Cretaceous"), this does not diminish their beauty. They look so amazing that last year, the pillars won first prize at the Wiki Loves Earth International Photo Contest. The rocks have been protected by the state since 1972.

The area of the reserve is 0.35 hectares and the height of the rocks is 25 meters. Apart from the rocky massif stands the Cretaceous Sword Mountain, reminiscent of the ruins of a medieval castle. Other rocks look like fingers or sails. There are only 500 meters from the "pillars" to the center of Belokuzminivka village.

In the summer, you can find cows, small snakes and swifts that have nests in the recesses and openings of rocks. Why else is it worth going? Listen to the silence and admire the untamed grass steppe.
3.56 Nikopol Solar Power Plant
The first solar battery was invented in 1839. Its efficiency was 1%. In 1954, solar efficiency was 4%, and in 2018 – 66%. It is estimated that in 30 years, a quarter of humanity's energy will be produced by solar power. Like in Nikopol. It is the largest solar power plant in Ukraine and one of the three most powerful SES in Europe. It is located on the territory of the ore quarry near the village of Starozavodsk, Dnipropetrovsk Region. The total capacity of its 750 thousand solar panels is 246 MW. This is enough to provide energy to 140,000 homes.
3.57 IT is conquering the world
Last year, 184,000 Ukrainian programmers secured $ 4.5 billion worth of IT product exports. There are 4,000 IT companies and more than 110 R&D centers in internationally renowned international companies operating in Ukraine. Ukrainian projects have long gone beyond the borders of the country.

Even those who are unfamiliar with the IT industry have heard about them: Depositphotos, the fifth largest photo bank in the world, Grammarly, the most popular English language literacy service, making $20 million a day and has a $1 billion market value, and Petcube, the world's most popular pet surveillance camera with several hundred thousand registered users. And there are a number of "well known" startups with millions of dollars in investments. There are some that have already been acquired by industry giants.

The first to come to mind is Odesa Looksery, which Snapchat bought for $150 million. In 2018, IT provided more than 20% of all services exported by Ukraine and became the second industry in this sector.
3.58 Iron Ore
In terms of iron ore production, Ukraine ranks sixth in the world. By volume of steel production – 13th. Last year, Ukrainian enterprises produced 21 million tons. The largest deposits of iron ore in Ukraine are in the Kryvyi Rih iron ore basin in the Dnipropetrovsk Region, amounting to 20 billion tons.

There, at ArcelorMittal Kryviy Rih, the famous 'Nine' is the largest blast furnace in Europe. Outside, it stands at the height of a 35-storey building, and inside… Although words are superfluous... put on your VR glasses and see for yourself!
3.59 Politics is not a profession
Hetmans, presidents, warlords, and political leaders seem to be born. Or at least they seem to study to become them. This is often not the case. Who were our political leaders according to their education, and where did they study?

Bohdan Khmelnytsky, a hetman of Zaporozhye Troops, studied at the Jesuit College in Lviv.

Mykhailo Hrushevsky, chairman of the UPR Central Council, was a professional historian, and studied at St. Volodymyr's University of Kyiv.

Simon Petliura, Chief Ataman of the UPR Forces and Head of the UPR Directory, studied at Poltava Theological Seminary.

Volodymyr Vynnychenko, Head of the UPR Directory and Chairman of the Council of People's Ministers, was expelled from the Law Faculty of St. Volodymyr's University for political activism and campaigning. He later became a very successful writer.

Roman Shukhevych, Commander-in-Chief of UPA, studied at Lviv Polytechnic University in the Department of Architecture.

Stepan Bandera, Chair of OUN-B, studied in the Agronomic Department of the High Polytechnic School in Lviv.

Vyacheslav Chornovil, a politician and dissident, studied philology to become a journalist.

Ivan Mazepa, the head of the Cossack state in the Left Bank and all of Dnipro Ukraine, studied at Mohyla Academy, where he studied rhetoric and Latin among other things.
3.60 He's a Director
When it comes to Ukrainian cinema, there are two names that instantly come to mind: Dovzhenko and Paradzhanov. Dovzhenko, who shot Zvenigora and Arsenal, Earth and Ivan, together with Sergiy Eisenstein and Dziga Vertov, paved the way for twentieth-century cinema. His film "Earth", which is about the deep connection of man and nature, is not only recognized as the best movie in Ukrainian cinema history, but is among the ten films that make up the world's gold film fund. Although Dovzhenko received the prize in Venice for another job, for "Ivan", his first film with sound.

Nearby, Sergey Paradzhanov, who shot a congenial movie based on the story of Mykhailo Kotsubinsky, almost covered the original source. On the set, the actors made dozens of takes under artificial rain at almost freezing temperatures. The director fought with the operator, and the rocks were painted blue. "The Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors" received 39 international awards and 28 prizes at festivals, including 24 Grand Prixs, the ICF Cup in Rome, and the Gold Medal at the Thessaloniki Festival. In 2019, the film won the Horizons prize at the Venice Festival.
3.61 A Plate Over Kyiv
There are artists who do not give in to precise definition and traditional characteristics. Classifications are too small for them. Who should be considered Florian Yurev? For decades, he studied color and sound communication, writing music, producing great violin instruments and, finally, drawing.

But above all, he is known as an architect who has never been afraid to experiment and look extraordinary. The conference hall of the Institute of Information, popularly known as the "Flying Saucer", was built according Yuryev's plans.

You can see the layout of the dish next to the project. As the House with Chimeras became a symbol of Kyiv at the beginning of the 20th century, Yurev's "plate" is already perceived as an integral attribute of the eclectic capital. An attribute that we cannot lose.
3.62 Myths, scandals, investigations
Sometimes, we want to be proud of something that we wish to be true. Especially when it comes to past accomplishments and majestic relics that should enhance our history. Here are our biggest myths that have been perceived as truth for centuries.
3.63 Writer-Toreador
It is difficult to deceive children. In literature, it is almost impossible. When they accept someone as their "author", when they start quoting quotes from his books and waiting for a nervous thrill to continue the story, they've in love instantly. This is absolute success, rare, and so terribly important. This was the case with Vsevolod Nestayk in the 60's, when he began publishing the trilogy "Toreadors of Vasyukovka", an adventurous series about schoolboys Java and Pavlush, who cannot sit still for a minute. The success was dizzying.

Readers of all ages and literary preferences suddenly felt that something intricate appeared in Ukrainian literature. Another confirmation of the triumph of Nestayk's book is the fact that the Toreadors are included in the "Hans Christian Andersen Special Honorary List", the world's most respected awards in the field of children's literature. There are no other Ukrainian authors there. Yet.

"- I will be a savage in your eyes. I've already said this, in a more cheerful tone. I said that he, it seems, is the hero ... And I, therefore, the savage. And that Koo-Koo-soe! I mean Crusoe, not Koo-Koo-soe. Robinson Crusoe. He was Crusoe, and you were Koo-Koo-soe. Just the right name for you too, after what you did yesterday…"

"As if I would kiss some Anna Grebenichka on stage in front of the entire village! ... I'd rather kiss a cow!"

"We had a wonderful, noble idea. To run under a metro train. That should have been a surprise. The first subway line was in Vasiukivtsi! Clown Station, Curved Pear Station. Three cents one way. Relatives get in for free. For the arithmetic teacher… five cents".

"He didn't like how we were stealing watermelons from field. He loved when we asked. And we did not like to ask... It is not so tasty that way".

"Kyiv is a nice city! More beautiful than Pyriatyn, Kryzhopil, Zhmerynka, or all the cities that I have seen. The capital!"
3.64 Wear Ukrainian
Twentieth century Ukrainian fashion is a story about the return of famous names to their home country. Initially, the names of these immigrants became known throughout the world.

In 1928, Kyiv's Valentina Sanina Schlee opened the 'Valentina' fashion house in New York, where she created outfits for Greta Garbo, Katharine Hepburn, Marlene Dietrich, many other women from cinema and high society. In 1949, Kharkiv's Varvara Karinskaya, who worked in theater and cinema, won the first ever Oscar for Best Costume nomination for her work on the Jeanne d'Arque film with Ingrid Bergman.

In 1944, the first Model House in Ukraine was created in Kyiv, and an official Ukrainian fashion appeared, which shone at international competitions and national fashion magazines on behalf of the USSR for decades. But the names of its creators remained unknown.

Today, we are restoring the history and glory of Hertz Meppen, Michael Bilas, and other prominent fashion designers of the time. Now, in independent Ukraine, designers have finally reunited with their country, and their names are getting louder both at home and abroad.

Last year, on the occasion of her 60th birthday, the singer Madonna starred in a photo shoot for Vogue Italia, where she posed in a hat created by Ukrainian designer Ruslan Baginski. And The New York Times calls Ukrainian designer Xenia Schneider one of the best in the world among for sustainable fashion.
3.65 Super Humanities
Superheroes and superpowers vary. One power is the knowledge of languages. There are many cases where Ukrainian historical figures knew many languages, and translated them with ease!

Panteleimon Kulish (1819 - 1897).

He translated a great deal from Shakespeare, Goethe, Byron, and Mickiewicz's ballads. Together with Ivan Nechuy-Levitsky and physicist Ivan Puluy, he translated the New Testament from Greek for 20 years.

Anatoly Perepadya (1935 - 2008).

It is thanks to him that we are able to read Balzac and Camus, Cervantes and Proust, Pascal and Montaigne. and Rabelai. Thanks to Anatoly, we have a translation of Gargantua and Pantagruel from the Old French language.

Mykola Lukash (1919 - 1988).

He was fluent in 20 languages. The first work he completely translated into Ukrainian was "Faust". The translation work lasted 18 years. He also translated works by Flaubert from French and Boccaccio from Old Italian, Carroll and Shakespeare from English, and Cervantes from Spanish.
3.66 Tradition comes to life in your eyes
Weaving on a manual machine was around since the Neolithic era. But until the XIII century it was a craft done at home. There was a machine in almost every home. Mothers made sure to teach their daughters to weave, knit, and embroider.

For this purpose, hemp and flax were sown, and sheep were bred. To weave a shirt and a towel, the thread was bleached, and carpets were dyed with grass and tree bark. Carpets adorned the walls of the dwelling, ceilings, benches, tables, pavilions, and also covered sledges and carts.

In the fourteenth century, the first weaving workshops appeared in Brody (Lviv region), Boguslav (Kyiv region) and Krolevets (Sumy region). The greatest heyday of carpeting came in the XVII-XVIII centuries. Today weaving is still done in Poltava, Lviv, and the Carpathians. In the mountains, an at home weave can still be seen.

At Ukraine WOW, this tradition comes to life. Throughout the project, the craftspeople will weave a carpet of 1.5x2.5 meters. They will complete their work closer to the New Year, so be sure to come again!
3.67 Arkhipenko
"I am an artist who embarked on a journey to experiment in the arts. I cannot be considered a revolutionary or a reactionary. I am looking for something new to solve the problems caused by my day and inspired by my feelings."

There are Ukrainian artists who from the beginning were ahead of the public, and laid new artistic paths and started an artistic era. The whole world knows about them, but we cannot fully grasp their scale. It's time to dot the 'i'. It is time to look again at the person who changed the sculpture and with it, design and advertising forever. Meet Oleksandr Arkhipenko.

Arkhipenko, a Kyiv resident who traveled from his hometown to get to America through Moscow, Prague, Paris, and Berlin to become a legend there. He has had over one hundred solo exhibitions around the world. And do not forget everything about Ukraine. What should you know about it? His father was an engineer-inventor and taught at Kyiv University, and his grandfather was an icon painter and taught his grandson to draw.

Arkhipenko demonstrated his first work in 1906 in a village shop. It was a sculpture called "Thinker" made of terracotta and covered with red enamel. Now, the value of his work reaches several million dollars. In 1910, Arkhipenko exhibited at the Paris Salon of Independents with Malevich and Picasso.

At the same time, he became the first Ukrainian artist whose exhibition of works toured Western Europe. And ten years later, Arkhipenko was the first Ukrainian artist to take part in the Venice Biennale.

In America, he became interested in cinema and settled in Hollywood. And very soon after, he demonstrated his invention – "moving painting", or "archetype". Using this mechanism, the artist changed the image on the canvas, which consisted of cut and highlighted strips.

Today, billboards operate with this mechanism around the world. Archipenko worked not only with metal, but he experimented with bronze, marble, glass, plexiglass, and celluloid. In 1933, the World Exhibition of the Century of Progress was held in Chicago. For the first time at such a level, Ukraine was represented by an independent pavilion. It was not the Soviet authorities who took care of it, but Ukrainian emigrants. One of the halls was assigned to the works of Arkhipenko, just as in Ukraine WOW. The hype was crazy.

By the way, the artist himself dreamed for many years about having an exhibition in Ukraine. For the first time, one of his works was exhibited in Lviv in 1934. It was a female image from the Ma cycle. Exactly 85 years later, the sculpture of the great Ukrainian is here before you. Look at how the artist deliberately deforms the human image, displaces planes, creates cavities and violates integrity in every way: he seeks for another reality to emerge invisibly. The opening and the cavity stimulate the viewer's view and they become the co-creator. Try it for yourself.
3.68 Yin-yang in Ukrainian
For three hundred years, from the sixteenth to the nineteenth centuries, the Chumaks traded salt. The route ran along the left bank of the Dnipro River through the Zaporizhzhia steppes to Perekop, and from there – to Crimea. Often, the salt had to be harvested on its own, but it did bear fruit.

For example, the families of Ukrainian philanthropists, Tereshchenko and Kharitonenk, came from wealthy Chumaks. The coal industry has been in Ukraine for over 120 years. Its future depends on us. In terms of coal reserves, Ukraine ranks first in Europe and eighth in the world. Salt and coal. White and black. Strength and character. An integral part of Ukrainian history and the Ukrainian heart.
3.69 Malevich: the Ukrainian dimension
"My perception of Kyiv has remained remarkable. Houses made of colored bricks, mountainous terrain, the Dnipro, distant horizons, steamers. Life here has influenced me more and more. Peasants sailing the Dnipro by boat, bringing butter, milk, sour cream, filling the shores and streets of Kyiv, giving the city a special color."

It is impossible to understand the phenomenon of Malevich the artist, Malevich the theoretician and Malevich the thinker outside of Ukrainian contexts. Kazimir Severinovich Malevich was born in Kyiv, on Zhylyanska Street. He was baptized in St. Oleksandr's Church, where Taras Shevchenko also attended. Until he was eighteen, he lived in various Ukrainian villages, because his father was a sugar producer. His family moved frequently.

Then, Kazimir started painting. He had two native languages. He spoke Polish at home and Ukrainian on the street. He learned Russian later, but still used many Ukrainianisms for the rest of his life. It is probable that Malevich studied at the Mykola Murashko Art School, which was owned by philanthropist Ivan Tereshchenko. And he was taught by Mykola Pymonenko, a prominent painter whose picture is also in the Louvre.

Malevich himself eventually came to Kyiv from Leningrad to teach. From 1928 to 1930, he was a professor at the Kyiv Art Institute. He taught with artists Fyodor Krychevsky, Mykhailo Boychuk, Alexander Bogomazov, Victor Palmov, and set designer Vadim Meller. The artist's last solo exhibition also took place in Kyiv, at the Kyiv Art Gallery, where among other things, the Black Square was on display.

Malevich regularly called himself Ukrainian both in the diary entries and in the detainee questionnaire at the NKVD. In addition, Malevich is not the only artist who responded to collectivization and the Holodomor in his contemporary works. His painting "The Peasant Between the Cross and the Sword" (also known as "The Running Man") and almost the entire "peasant" cycle of paintings of the late 20's - early 30's is confirms by this.

The peasants weighed heavily on him. It was among them that he first "practiced art", helping to decorate stoves. It is also believed that his key artistic invention, suprematism, or "geometric painting", is rooted in rural art. The abstractions of suprematism come from folk ornamentalism.

Malevich has several self-portraits. The last one is displayed here, made 11 months before his death, in 1934. The artist sent this work to his friend – futurist poet Grigory Petnikov. "That's how I look now. Marx is in the grave. When I go outside, the children shout "Karl Marx".

This is how the artist signed the drawing in a letter to Petnikov. The latter sent a self-portrait photo to the artist Burlyuk. It was first published by Burlyuk in his magazine 'Color and Rhyme' in New York. The self-portrait was found in the mid 90's in Crimea. This is extremely symbolic. Malevich, as avant-garde and suprematist, created universal, supranational art. However, the roots of this art are in Ukraine.
#4. The landscape
out of the window
If you look at Ukraine with fresh eyes, it will amaze you with diversity.

It seems that there is everything here. On the one hand, you have nature. If you want mountains and primeval forests or steppes and seas, there is everything here. On the other hand, the human desire to learn and feel in the midst of this is assured. That's where our tunnels and lighthouses, mines and highways come in. And trains... because where would we be without them?

And above all, we have the sky, both as a perspective and a place to look, while falling asleep on your back.

If not, try it, it's incredible.

Although you could sleep in the train car. The pink train car.
#5. Dreams
The acquaintance and conversations behind you are filled with pleasant fatigue. It's time to rest and dream.

Asleep, we become honest and sincere. In our dreams, we are whoever we want to be.

But what do Ukrainians dream of? What do they wish for themselves and for their country? With what do they reach out to loved ones? What do they talk about when no one else can hear them?

No less interesting is the question, "What does Ukraine dream of? A great past full of the challenges of the present, and a not yet fully understood future? Castles, train stations, bridges? It's very interesting.
5.1 A Second Chance at Life
The second life of a train car. Now, this wagon is terribly beautiful, but in fact it is already written off. It could be in a dump somewhere, but instead, is now painted in pink and full of conversations and dreams, both of Ukrainians and Ukraine.

Here, you can listen, think, and dream about your own future. It will keep you pleased, and the train car alive.
5.2 Khust Castle
Khust Castle is a mighty fortress. It was built by the Hungarians for over a hundred years, from 1090 to 1191, to protect the salt road from Solotvino. It has been fully operational for almost six centuries. The building was rebuilt repeatedly. The fortress was almost completely destroyed by the explosion of powder warehouses during a 1766 thunderstorm.
5.3 Manor of Dakhowski
The estate was built by four generations of the Dachowski family, Polish landowners. The last building was erected by Tadeusz Dachowski, a well-known horse lover who donated one third of the territory to a horse farm. The estate occupies about 85 hectares of land. It has a castle, a leafy park on the left bank of the river Konelka and a coniferous forest on the right bank. It also has a dam, a reservoir, and a garden.

The erection of the castle began in 1880 and was remarkably large. The Dakhovsky brothers even built their own small brick factory, and each brick was marked with branded initials.
5.4 Shariv Castle
Sharivka township, Bohodukhiv district, Kharkiv region

Shariv Castle was built in 1836 for the family of famous Kharkiv nobles, the Olkhovskies. This two-story neo-Gothic, white building was adorned with two octagonal towers, crowned with teeth and spires, and arrow-shaped windows.

In 1881, the castle was acquired by sugar magnate Leopold Koenig, which is why it is often called the sugar castle.
5.5 Nevitsky Castle
Ivan Ilko's work reproduces the Nevitsky Castle in a three-dimensional space. The castle, built on a mountain of volcanic origin, experienced its greatest heyday in the early sixteenth century. Today, however, it becomes more destroyed by the day.

In order to restore the exterior and interior of the building, Ivan collected all possible documents, drawings, and literature, and also carried out detailed surveys by drone, so the visualized dimensions are real. Ilko was helped by Uzhgorod historian Oleksandr Dzembas, who studied this castle for many years. In the video, you can see the places around the building and even visit inside. Put on the VR goggles to see the reconstructed castle.
5.6 Bridge
Nikita Shaleny's work "Bridge. VR " has even hit the pages of The New York Times. And here's why: this bridge stretches 40,000 kilometers. To create this work, the artist was inspired by the Kyiv bridge which leads from Podil to Fishing Island. It is currently being dismantled. The artist turned the bridge that leads to nowhere into a bridge that stretches across the Earth.

The artist himself painted the world around the bridge. Before that, he looked at all the available photos of Internet users that were created on an imaginary straight line that could be drawn as a continuation of the bridge. Composer Nadiya Odesyuk and her string quartet created and performed music for traveling across the bridge.

It is unrealistic to look beyond the horizon. But it is possible in the reality that it was created by the artist and with your imagination.
#6. Train station
The shimmering of power lines and trees outside the window changes with every station. Next, some views of smaller stations.

Traffic alternates with each stop. Each stop during a journey is a moment of contact. A moment of meeting and wondering. Is everything here familiar to us?

A stop is like a cabinet with many doors... you never know what you will see next.

And Ukraine is like a giant storage room. There are a lot of things waiting for the right moment to reveal themselves to you.

Just come, open your eyes, and look.
6.1 Welcome to the station
At train stations, people declare love to each other, get engaged, conduct heartbreaking conversations, and sing songs. And this orchestra of feelings and events must be led by conductors. Just listen to what happens at the stations!
6.2 The Mykolaiv Observatory
The Mykolaiv Observatory, one of the oldest in Eastern Europe and the first in Ukraine, has been continuously operating for 198 years. It operates one of the best automatic meridian telescopes in the world.

In 1999, it was included in the list of objects that make up Ukraine's national heritage. Since 2009, our first Mobitel mobile telescope has been operating here.
6.3 Crimea
Qirim. This is the name of the Crimean Tatar peninsula. The land between the two seas, ancient and full of sky and raging forces. Tavriya, Tavrianiya, Tavrida. Crimea is paradoxical, it is numerous.

On the one hand, Crimea is concrete and real: Kerch, Perekop, Yevpatoria, Salgir, Ai-Petri, Foros, Demerdzhi, Bakhchisarai.

And on the other, there is also the Crimea-fantasy. A dream of rest, wisdom, and warmth. Crimea is a shrewd space that obeys only the steady rhythm of the sea. There are many different, deep images of Crimea, as everyone has their own.
6.4 The diversity of the Black Sea
More than 200 species of shellfish with different colors, sizes and shapes can be found in the Black Sea. The most common mollusks are rapans, fireflies, modioles, suitcases, mussels, oysters, petars, nannies, tritium, doxa, myas, and veneers. Some of them are buried deep in the coastal sand, or are attached to algae or rocks. Some live in the sea at a depth of 10-25 meters or more. Some species have reached the Black Sea from other Regions.

For example, the largest Black Sea clams, Rapans (reaching up to 15 cm in size), come from the Pacific Ocean, where they feed on starfish. There are some extremely rare species living in the Black Sea: heartworms, scallops, whites, as well as weird ones such as the bamboo shellfish, which children have nicknamed "the mermaid's fingernail" for its elongated shape.
6.5 Crimean stories
To say "I love you" under the sky of Sudak; brew coffee for guests according to an old family recipe in a rural houses of the Dzhankoy district; to go to the cold sea of Feodosia; get lost among the ancient columns in Kerch; to sing folk songs in Koktebel. everyone treasures their memories with Crimea, but they are all equally warm.

Volodymyr Shcheptsov

From 1998 to 2014, he lived in Sevastopol.

I was nineteen. I invited my girlfriend to see Sudak. I will never forget that evening. We left the restaurant and did not want to go home, so we turned to the sea. The salty cool air, the smell of juniper, the buzzing of cicadas, the sea glowing from plankton.

Suddenly she smiled, "You know, I never sailed at night!" I couldn't even answer. She was already running to the water in her new navy blue dress. I had to follow. We were swimming in our clothes in the middle of the night, alone in the Black Sea! Then we went ashore, wrapped ourselves in a wool blanket, which we brought with us. The sky was shining. Every inch of it was dawned with stars. She looked up to see them better. And I looked at her. That very moment in Crimea, when thousands of stars were reflected in her green eyes, and was startled by one thought. "I love her."

Aliyeh Khadzhabadinov

From 1990 to 2015, she lived in the village of Oktyabr and in the cities of Dzhankoy and Evpatoria.

I am a Crimean Tartar who was lucky to be born in the historical homeland in the Crimea. The windows of my house in the village of Oktyabr Dzhankoysky district overlooked a field. Each season, it was planted with different crops, and between the spikelets of wheat or corn stalks sprouted different types of flowers. The field constantly changed color. It was purple, then green, then red. The smell of flowers and wilderness was like cutting a cake into pieces and eating it. The only thing that could make me leave the field on a summer or spring day was the voice of my parents: "Kaveshka, we have guests!". "Kaveshka" translates from Crimean Tatar as "coffee". It's the first thing I learned to cook.

That's why I got this nickname. According to the tradition of our people, every guest who comes to your house should be greeted with a cup of coffee. Necessarily with foam. Otherwise it will mean that you do not respect him. Each family has a special recipe.

According to ours, the coffee is cooked over low heat, before adding a pinch of salt, and before boiling, we "frighten" the coffee three times, reducing the flame and increasing the flame quickly. I still often make my own coffee by a family recipe and then I hear my mother saying "Kaveshka, we have guests!" from afar.

Sergey Mokrenyuk

From 1978 to 2014, he lived in Feodosia.

"When will they arrive?" And "When will they finally leave?" These two questions divide the year of residents of all resort towns into two parts – before and during the tourist season. My wife and children Milan and Arlen have lived in Feodosia for many years. However, we went to the sea mostly in winter. Only then can you be alone with it.

Often times, the wife will say in February, "let's go to the sea!" We gathered ourselves up quickly and in ten minutes were met by an empty beach. I remember, once we arrived and was cold and the wind was fierce. I turned my head to say something to my friend, and she didn't hear a word.

Meanwhile, little Milan stood on the shore, dressed like a cabbage, only his eyes sparkled from under his clothes. He approached the sea, looked into the cold water, examined the sand and shells under his feet, and suddenly, fell on his face! He turned over on his back, his hands raking the sand, pouring it on himself, and laughed. What joy! And then we all ran to the car to warm up. No one can stand more than fifteen minutes on a winter Crimean beach. But every time it seemed like the happiest fifteen minutes my life.

Stas Yurchenko

From 1993 to 2015 he lived in Kerch and Simferopol

As a kid, I thought all the cities on the planet were ancient, like my native Kerch, which is over two and a half thousand years old. Then I went to study at the University of Simferopol. When I heard that a city was a little over two hundred years old, I thought that perhaps one figure had been lost. Since then, I have become especially proud of where I come from.

On vacations, it was necessary to climb the Mithridat Mountain in the center of Kerch. It offers a unique 360 degree panorama view of Kerch that allows you to see ports with ships waiting for repair or cargo; port cranes standing in line, like tin soldiers; cobblestone central streets, and dormitories scattered along the seashore. Sitting on a stone that has been around for more than two millennia, I looked at modern roads and homes that had not even existed for more than a couple of decades. And I tried to understand where "now" ends and eternity begins.

Nina Kyrylyuk

From 2003 to 2013, she lived in Koktebel for six months.

My husband and I bought an apartment in Koktebel when we retired. We wanted four of our grandchildren to rest by the sea from May to October, and for our children and friends to spend their holidays here. Seven hundred meters from the sea, near a park with poppies and roses – what else do you need to relax? Throughout the season, guests from Kyiv, Vinnytsia, Zaporizhzhia, and even the Baltic States came to us.

One time, thirty people came at the same time! I heard on the phone simply, "Nino, we are coming to see you!". I immediately went to Feodosia to the central market. I had to get fish right away. When the guests arrived, the table was already full of dishes: fish of all varieties, pigeons, cheeses. The feast began. During the meal, my husband started a song. "Green rye, green", "In the garden walked", and all thirty Ukrainian people soon sang all together. We opened the windows wide and an audience gathered. Soon the whole street sang! For an hour or two, my neighbors and random passers-by became one family. Probably, this is possible only in Crimea.
6.6 Chernivtsi National University
By its location and the shape of buildings, Chernivtsi University is reminiscent of the Harry Potter School of Wizardry. Our Hogwarts is quite the building. When construction began in 1864, two brick and one tile factories were launched in Chernivtsi, the products of which were intended exclusively for university buildings. They did it on the advice of the architect Josef Hlávka, famous for the Vienna Opera.

The Chernivtsi tile turned out so colorful that it later became the business card of the university. The eight-color patterns on the roof, reminiscent of the ornaments of Bukovina carpets and Hutsul Easter eggs, impressed UNESCO experts. Since 2011, the complex has been included in the list of World Heritage Sites.
6.7 The Cannes Lion
The Cannes Lion is the world's most prestigious award for creative agencies. Its winners receive statuettes in the form of lions. Last year, the Cannes Lion was awarded to Ukraine for the first time. It was received by Banda, for their branding of the 62nd Eurovision Contest in Kyiv.
6.8 Pidhirtsi Castle
Pidgirtsi village, Brody district, Lviv region

The Pidhirtsi castle was built in the seventeenth century for the Polish lords of Koniecpolski, combining the functions of a magnate residence and a defensive fortress. The square renaissance palace has pentagonal bastionsь decorated with copper sculptures of Atlas.

One is holding the Earth and the other, the Universe. The oldest hotel in Ukraine is preserved in the palace, as well as a tavern, called "Hetman's Arrival". Honore de Balzac even stopped in here once.
6.9 Broom Making in the Odesa Region
The Savransky District in the northern of Odesa Region is a well-known center of broom production. Why, you ask? The fact is that the villages of Osaka, Savran, and Vilshanka, where the brooms are made, stand on sandy soils. Neither corn nor wheat can be produced here. Instead, the plant from which the brooms are knit grow wonderfully. "Millet is not afraid of sand", the broom makers say.
6.10 The Home of Paulina Rayko
One of the mysteries of the human soul is how pain and suffering create beautiful music, poetry, and art. Sometimes it can be quite unexpected. Pauline Rayko was born and lived all her life in the town of Oleshka in the Kherson Region. She worked on the ground, on a collective farm, and in her own garden.

At 69 years old, she took up a brush and began to paint naive murals on the walls and ceilings of her home, summer kitchen, fence, electric wires, and even switches. A personal tragedy led to her creativity. Her daughter died in a car crash, her husband died a year later, and her son soon went to prison. Polina poured her melancholy into art.

For five years, Raiko painted all the walls and ceilings of a seven-room house. Images of fantastic creatures (strange fish, birds, leopard-owls) interspersed with portraits of people: a man in the world with a new fishing line he never had time to buy, sisters of mercy, relatives at a wedding, Our Lady with a baby and angels.

After the artist's death, her home was purchased by a couple from Canada to turn it into a museum. It is unknown how long the original painting will last, because Raiko's small pension was only enough for cheap paint. In Ukraine WOW, we reproduced the works of this extraordinary artist, but it's better to see them firsthand.
6.11 What do Ukrainian villages sound like?
Push the buttons to hear traditional songs from various regions.

Boikivshchyna - "Harvest the periwinkle, harvest it!" (wedding song)

Hutulshchyna - "The periwinkle logs were lying down" (wedding song)

Western Polissiya - "In the field, in the field" (everyday song)

Lower Dnipro - "And Olena is on the go" (wedding son)

Poltava - "Oh, the green dibrivonka" (Cossack song)

Middle Dnipro - "My husband beat me, beat me and taught me" (comedic song)

Middle Polissiya - "I planted wheat in the forest" (everyday song)

Slabozhanshchyna - "Oh, Mr. Oak, why did you grow over the ravine?" (lyrical song)

Eastern Podilya - "Yahil, yahilka" (spring song)

Steppe - "Saturday is too late" (military song)

Eastern Polissiya - "Like from the mountains, the wind blows" (lyrical song)

6.12 Honey
In our country, they love honey so much that one out of every 100 Ukrainian has bee hive, with more than 400,000 beekeepers owning 4 million hives. We love honey so much that horticulture, the act of collecting honey from honey bees and one of the oldest trades for the Slavic peoples, still exists as a profession.

This year they promise to register the name "Carpathian Honey" as a geographical indication. This means that it will be protected in the EU just like Italian prosciutto or French champagne. Ukraine is consistently ranked in the top 5 countries in honey exports around the world, and in 2019, should break into the top three.
6.13 Audioguide Poltava
Pick up the phone! It seems that someone wants to tell you about their city.
6.14 Look inside the world of Ukrainian villages
6.15 Flooded Bakota Village
The Dniester reservoir in the Bakota district is one of the most desolate and picturesque places in Ukraine. It is reminiscent of a sea from which huge, one hundred meter high green mountains grow.

In 1981, during the construction of the Novodnistrovskaya hydroelectric station in the Khmelnytskyi Region, the village of Bakota was completely flooded by the waters of the Dniester. Today, the Bakota reservoir is 194 km long.
6.16 Where is my home?
As of August 5, 2019, the number of internally displaced persons from the Donbas and Crimea stood at 1,397,304. This is 3.3% of Ukrainians.
6.17 Ukrzaliznytsya Museum at the Kyiv-Pasazhyrsky Station
Steam, diesel, electric, and coal-powered locomotives have become exhibits of the Southwestern Railway Museum, opened in 2011. Some of the exhibits are absolutely unique.

For example, the personal train car of Peter Stolypin or Volodymyr Shcherbytsky. The last exhibit is a true masterpiece of train care design. It is fully armored (weighing 80 tons), designed for only two passengers, has a bathroom, and a meeting room. You can go inside it today.
6.18 Akademik Vernadsky Station
Previously, one of the oldest Antarctic stations was called Faraday and belonged to the British, who built it on Galindez Island in 1953. In 1996, Britain decided that 5 stations in Antarctica were too much and sold one to Ukraine for a nominal amount of £ 1. That's how Faraday became Akademik Vernadsky.

Today, 12 specialists are employed full time at the station. Last year, it was visited by over 4,000 tourists.

You can only get to Akademik Vernadsky in the summer. The rest of the time, the approaches are blocked by icebergs. It requires the standard voyage to Antarctica. You must get to the port city of Ushuaia in southern Argentina, and from there, take a ship to the white continent.
6.19 Kyiv Central Railway Station
Last year, the Kyiv Central Railway Station became the busiest of all Ukrainian railway stations, with 23.4 million passengers passing through its main hall.
6.20 Kosiv's Lyudin Festival and the Smodnian Souvenir Market
Kosiv, a city in the Ivano-Frankivsk Region, is called the capital of folk art. It is here at the beginning of July that the largest Hutsul ethno festival "Lyudin" takes place.Authentic Hutsul clothing, utensils, and musical instruments can be purchased at the famous Smodnian market during the festival.
6.21 That's how life began
Our ancestors believed that the gods were the first potters to mold the stars, sun, moon, earth, and all living things from clay.

Not surprisingly, potters therefore stood high in society, for they could control the elements: earth, water, air, and fire. As if they were magicians, they moistened clay in water and cast it in a furnace to create art.

Pottery originated in Ukraine at the end of the Mesolithic era. The greatest age of Ukrainian pottery came in the XVII-XVIII centuries. The masters of that time made high-quality cookware, toys, tiles, and architectural designs, including embossed and hand-drawn paintings.

In the early twentieth century, there were more than 700 pottery centers operating in Ukraine. Each had its own artistic features, depending on the natural properties of the clay there, the technological level of the masters, and local traditions. Before you are ceramics of that time: jugs, vases, and candlesticks from different parts of Ukraine.
6.22 Derzhprom
This masterpiece of constructivism, located on Ukraine's largest Freedom Square, has always looked unusual, even avant-garde, both in the late 1920s and now.

Built in 1928, the House of State Industries is fondly called "the first Soviet skyscraper", but not without reason. Indeed, the height of the building is 108 meters, and therefore can be classified as a skyscraper, but it was not always so. The original height of the building is 63 meters.

In the early 1950s, it housed a telecentre, and to provide the required broadcast quality, a 45-meter television tower, one of the first in Ukraine, was installed on the roof. After the upgrade, the building seemed huge.
6.23 NAMU
You, or rather your head, are in a museum! In the red hall of the National Art Museum of Ukraine. The building was designed by Moscow architect Petro Boytsov, and led by well-known architect Vladislav Gorodetsky.

The first exhibition opened in an unfinished building in August 1899. At that time, the museum was called the Kyiv City Museum of Antiquities and Arts.

Then it became the first state museum. In 1924, it was renamed to the All-Ukrainian Historical Museum, Named After Taras Shevchenko. In 1936, it was renamed again to the Ukrainian State Museums, and in 1939 to the State Museum of Ukrainian Art. During the German occupation of Kyiv in 1942, the museum was called the State Museum of Eastern European Art. And since 1994 it finally became the National Art Museum of Ukraine.
6.24 Shall we sing? Shall we dance?
There is so much going on in Ukraine lately!

According to the British music outlet Gigwise, the Atlas Weekend Kyiv Festival is on the list of the best festivals in the world of 2018.

The Leopolis Jazz Fest in Lviv is on the list of the best jazz festivals in Europe according to the English edition of The Guardian.

In early 2017, the popular German music portal Electronic Beats included Kyiv in its top ten destinations for techno-tourists. Ukrainian 'Scheme Electronic' parties, 'Brave!' festivals, 'Factory', and 'Strichka' are bringing stars and ravers from across Europe.
6.25 Malanka holiday in Bukovina
The city of Vyshkivtsi, which is in the Chernivtsi region, is small, with just over five thousand inhabitants. But its population multiplies during New Year's Eve. Tourists from all over the world gather for the famous village holiday of Malanka. Because in Bukovina, this tradition has never been forgotten.

The holiday is called Malanka because it coincides with St. Melania's Memorial Day.

This Christmas carnival always begins on the evening of January 13th. Men and boys dress in carnival costumes and masks (made on their own from papier-mâché) go around to different houses, greet the owners, and banish evil spirits from their homes. For this they are treated with sweets.
6.26 The door to the cave
The cave is humanity's first habitation, even though we have forgotten about it. The caves of Ukraine have been known around the world for a long time.

Back in 1721, Polish scientist Gabriel Rzachinsky wrote about the large caves in the village of Kryvche (now we know it as Krystal) in one of his books. In the mid-19th century, there were 34 explored caves in the Dniester-Prut and Dnipro rivers.

Now, 2,196 caves have been registered in the inventory of the Ukrainian Speleological Association. Most of them are in the Podillia, Bukovina, Black Sea, and Crimea regions. There are 157 open to tourists, enough to plan vacations years in advance.
6.27 A Railroad on the Berdyansk Embankment
Built in 1899, the railroad connects the seaport with Berdyansk Station. The uniqueness of this railway route is that it runs directly across the pedestrian area of the city's waterfront, just a few meters from the sea.
6.28 Audioguide Lviv
Pick up the phone!
It seems that someone wants to talk to you.
6.29 Kyiv-Mohyla Academy
The Kyiv Mohyla Academy enjoyed the same status it does today back in 1658. The language of instruction in the Kyiv Mohyla of old was Latin. And it took 12 years of study to graduate! Some Mohyla students were Ivan Mazepa, Gregory Skovoroda, Hetman Skoropadsky and Samoilovich, Ivan Vygovsky, Colonel Bezborodko, composers Artemy Vedel and Maxim Berezovsky. Mykhailo Lomonosov, after leaving the Academy, took the Mohyla education principles and the very structure of teaching to the north, where Moscow University was born.

By the decree of the Synod of August 14, 1817, the Academy was closed, for being too Ukrainian. On September 19, 1991, the National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy was established. In the same location.
6.30 Vilkovo
The only city in Ukraine on water. It was built in the Danube Delta in 1746 by the Old Believers and non-Cossacks. In order to build a home, they used artificial islets built from mud and soil. This is how 46 kilometers of canals were created, nicknamed 'heretics' by the locals.It is not easy to reach the city. You must go by train to Odesa, and from there, take a bus, which goes to Vilkovo every three hours.
6.31 Bugai
The sound of this folk instrument, mainly seen in Western Ukraine, is similar to the bugai (a swamp heron), hence the name. Bugai was created to play as a bass accompaniment. If The Beatles were a Ukrainian folk band, Paul McCartney would have played on it.Visually, it is a wooden cylinder, one opening of which is covered with a skin-membrane, to which a bundle of horse hair is attached in the center. The bugai will make sound if wet fingers are pulled over this bundle.
6.32 Seed production in Ukraine
Ukraine is the world leader in sunflower seed production. This year, our farmers have grown 15.8 million tonnes of sunflower seeds, which have been sold to more than 40 countries. The main importers of Ukrainian seed products are China, India, Turkey, the Netherlands, France, Italy, and Spain.

As for pumpkin seeds, they, like sunflower seeds, are sent abroad with love to Israel, North Africa, and Austria. Demand for raw materials for the production of pumpkin oil has caused the area allocated to Ukrainian farmers for pumpkins to double in the last year.
6.33 Sailing School in Sergiyivka
Feeling the wind? You must have stopped in Sergiyivka! This place in the Odesa region is considered one of the best domestic Black Sea resorts. Because here, you can find the sea, freshwater Budaksky estuary, healing mud, and one of the best sailing schools in Ukraine.There is no better place to go to a sailing school, because the estuary is separated from the sea by a sandbar, and remains quiet and peaceful, even during a storm. The winds and gentle waves are ideal conditions for young sailors to train.
6.34 Biryuchiy Island Reserve
The Biryuchiy Island Reserve, which is part of the Azov-Syvash National Nature Park, was, until recently, a closed territory. Tourism to the island (already a peninsula due to current) began to develop several years ago. 48 of the island's animal species are listed in the Red Data Book of Ukraine for endangered species. Due to the conservation status of the site, many deer, fallow deer, mouflon, reindeer, raccoon dogs, swans, and white herons are protected there.
6.35 Domagir Brown Bear Rehabilitation Center
Right now you will see bears playing. After all, this stop is in Domagir, Europe's largest brown bear rehabilitation center. Here, near Lviv, there are 30 bears with very difficult histories. Some were taught to dance, burnt by a hot metal plate, and some even served as training bait for hunting dogs. Now, the animals are undergoing rehabilitation, and will soon be released into their native Carpathian forests.
6.36 Eternal Fern
Not only coal is taken out of mines. You can still stumble upon rock of little objective value, but full of subjective value. The type of rock, due to its multi million-year age, can result in fossilized plant prints.

And it's beautiful. Miners of the Donbass brought these kinds of pieces of rock, adorned with nature to their children and wives as souvenirs.

You can see here a piece of magmatic rock from the town of Horlivka, mined by Oleksandr Bozhkov in mine #5 in the 1960's.
6.37 Potemkin Stairs
Famous throughout the world, the Odesa staircase was built in 1841 by order of Count Mikhail Vorontsov. They are famous thanks to Sergei Eisenstein's film "Battleship Potemkin", made in 1925.

The modern staircase is a 142-meter-long descent that connects the center of Odesa with the Naval Station. Every year in September, there is a race called "Up the Potemkin Stairs". It is a speed climbing competition. The record currently stands at 22.8 seconds. No on has beat it in many years. If you will be in Odesa, try to run the stairs. Maybe you'll be faster.

The lazy are advised to use a cable car (by the way, there are only two of them in Ukraine). The cable car takes two minutes, skipping the 192 steps.
6.38 Greetings
Press the button and listen to various greetings from different parts of Ukraine!
6.39 Platform tickets
Until 1960, the Kyiv train station sold so-called platform tickets, which allowed people to go out to the platform to meet a relative, for example. Or, conversely, see someone off. In some cities in Germany, these tickets are still sold, but in Ukraine, they can be seen only in the Metropolitan Museum of Railway Transport.
6.40 Ukrainian Stonehenge
This geological feature dating back to the second millennium BC in the village of Mezhyrich, Dnipropetrovsk region, is called "Ukrainian Stonehenge" or "Moorish Maidan". The area is a 10-meter-high hill system that looks like a giant spider or a crab from above. It is believed that it could serve as an observatory. Like Stonehenge. However, in both cases, as serious scientists say, this is not true. But it is true that no trees grow here, no birds fly, and the water between the hills never lingers.

You can get to this mystical place from Dnieper by suburban train №6156, at the "Mezhirich" station.
6.41 Lake Svityaz
Lake Svityaz, located in Volyn, is the largest and deepest karst lake in Ukraine. That is, the reservoir feeds only on groundwater, it does not flow into any river. The lake area is 27.5 km² (thirteen times the size of Monaco) and the maximum depth is more than 58 m.
6.42 Ice Hockey Championship
This artificial lake in Ternopil, created in 1548, owes its existence the founder of the city Jan Amor Tarnavsky. For four years in a row, an ice hockey championship has been held at this reservoir, with 18 teams from 8 Ukrainian cities.
6.43 Audioguide Kamianets-Podilskyi
Pick up the phone! It seems someone is calling you from Kamianets-Podilskyi.
6.44 Poltava Borshch
Is there a recipe for real Poltava borshch? Of course. There are several hundred of them. And all of them are real, and at the same time, original. Some are made with chicken or duck, gnocchi, smoked pears or prunes, fried carrots, or lean or thickened garlicky bacon.

Is Poltava borshch different from the Lviv or Polissya kind? So. Lviv borshch is not so thick. Beets are a must, whether fresh or pickled, and beans are seen often too. In Polissya, borshch is cooked with mushrooms or mushroom ears (dumplings).

One hundred years ago, sweet and spicy peppers were added to borshch in southern Ukraine. Tomatoes entered recipes only in the middle of the twentieth century.
6.45 Wooden sled track in Kremenets
The first wooden sled track in Ukraine was built in Kremenets, in the Ternopil region in the early 1970s. The new route, also wooden, is built from pine. It is still the only track in the country dedicated to sledding and roller skating.

Its total length is 1157 meters. The maximum estimated speed of a sleigh on the track is 112 km/h, but this is only for Olympic athletes. If you do not have the courage, you will be allowed to ride on a segment with 12 turns in total, at a speed of 30 km/h. But believe use, it's enough to make you feel like you're flying.
6.46 Tunnel of Love, Klevan, Rivne Region
Imagine a long tunnel. Its walls are formed by living bushes and trees. It sounds too fabulous to be true, but it's real. This railway is located between the villages of Klevan and Orzh in the Rivne Region.

There are several legends associated with its appearance. The most conspiratorial is that once, trains with military equipment travelled along this route and the forest tunnel was created to make their movements unnoticeable from the air. It is easier to believe in this version than to believe a green tunnel with such a proper arch shape formed by itself.

But as you walk there, keep in mind, the track still works. Freight trains pass through it three times a day.
6.47 Salt Lakes of Ukraine
Salt lakes can be found in many cities of Ukraine, but most of them are on the Black and Azov Seas. The Pink Lake is one of the most salty in the world, and is located in the Kherson region. The salinity of its water reaches 300 g / l. By this indicator, the Pink Lake is almost as salty as the Israeli Dead Sea, which has a salt concentration of about 310 g / l.
6.48 Train stations sing
Click to hear the train stations sing!
6.49 Coupe dating
When traveling by rail, it is often the case that people get to know each other and start to make friends. Friendship is attached, and sometimes something more happens. Or less. If this happens, you cannot just relax. You should start a conversation with someone. Someone unfamiliar. You see three pairs of benches, and each pair is different. And you choose one for your taste and mood. Where the bench distance is the longest, sit down, wait for someone to sit opposite you and start a conversation.

But there's one condition: since the distance is considerable, then talk about something far away. Abstract. Choose the middle distance if you want to talk about Ukraine. And here is the shortest: let yourself share something personal.

Who knows, maybe today the gods of the railroad will be in an exceptionally good mood - and you will leave here not one or the other, but with a true and faithful friend. Or someone else. Someone you could talk to every night.

Blue train car
Do you know the poem by heart?
Is the mood ok?
Do you want a joke?
Do you dance well?
Are you interested in politics?
Do you watch TV shows?
What are you reading now?
How do you like this project?
Do you go to museums?
Is the weather annoying?

Yellow train car
Where are you from?
What is the "wow" of your city?
Do you like the Carpathians?
Which is better - the Black or Azov Sea?
Do you like pies?
Do you travel often in Ukraine?
Which country do you love besides ours?
Who are you rooting for?
Is Ukraine "wow"?
Do you know what terikony are?
Do you like sleeping in trains?

Pink train car
Do you have a tattoo? What about a scar?
Do you believe in eternal love?
What is your first memory?
Are you planning to emigrate?
Do you like children?
Who is your idol?
What do you regret?
Do you like yourself?
Do you like me?
Do you want some coffee? Maybe tea?
#7. Collect luggage
Ukraine has already shown you many of its genuine WOW. It's time to test yourself. What exactly was remembered? What became your internal baggage? Because we recall what we memorized. Here are about a hundred playful and deep mysteries. If you figure out, then you can move on.
7.1 Where are there railway museums in Ukraine?
There are four exhibitions about historic transportation in Ukraine, 24 railway museums, 37 museum rooms in various industrial complexes.

Today, the largest railway museum in Ukraine is the Museum of History and Railway Engineering of the Southern Railway, which is located in Kharkiv. It was opened on July 7, 2014, on the day of the 145th anniversary of the Southern Railway. The museum expositions are located in three halls, where visitors can see about one thousand exhibits. Various transportation technological development is on display there.
7.2 What are the most popular railway routes in Ukraine?
The most popular routes in 2018 are:

Kyiv-Lviv: 879.5 thousand passengers per year, or 2,410 per day; Lviv-Kyiv: 874.1 thousand passengers per year, or 2,395 per day;

Kyiv-Kharkiv: 861.3 thousand passengers per year, or 2,360 per day; Kharkiv-Kyiv: 873.8 thousand passengers per year, or 2,394 per day.
7.3 Where in Ukraine do narrow gauge train cars operate today?
In Ukraine, narrow gauge lines exist on the regional branches of the Odesa Railway (Rudnytsya-Holovanivsk, with a total length of 130.5 km) and Lviv Railway (Antonivka-Zarichne and Berehove-Khmilnyk-Vinogradovo, a total length of 192.3 km).

The narrow-gauge line Berehove-Khmilnyk-Vinogradovo consists of narrow-gauge sections: Berehove-Priborzhavske, with a length of 61.2 km, and Khmilnyk-Vinogradovo, with a length of 19.5 km.
7.4 Where in Ukraine are the oldest railway stations?
A train station is the gate of a city, and one of the first things travelers see. The beauty or originality of this building remains in some people's memory for a long time. The oldest stations in Ukraine include: Ivano-Frankivsk (1866); Kolomia (1866); Kozyatin (1898); Poltava-Kyiv (1901); Zhmerynka (1903); Chernivtsi (1906); Kyiv (1933).
7.5 Which of the regional railways of Ukraine has the highest density of coverage?
Among the regional branches of Ukrzaliznytsia, the South-Western Railway is the leader in this field. The total length of the tracks on this railway is 9,388.4 km. Second place is occupied by the regional "Lviv Railway" with 8,313.9 km. The tracks of the Southwestern Railroad pass through the territory of Kyiv, Vinnytsia, Zhytomyr, Chernihiv, Sumy, Khmelnytskyi and partially Rivne, Chernivtsi, Cherkasy, Poltava and Ternopil regions. More than 10 million people live in the railway area.
7.6 On which routes do high-speed trains operate in Ukraine today?
Intercity high-speed trains in Ukraine appeared in May 2012, ahead of the European Football Championship. It was then the first train from Kyiv to Kharkiv was released. In less than a month, on June 7, 2012, Intercity and Intercity+ trains started to operate regularly. As a result of 2018, 5.7 million passengers were carried by high-speed trains, which is 9.2% more than in 2017.

Today, high-speed trains run on the following routes: Kyiv-Przemyśl, Kyiv-Konstantinovka, Kyiv-Kharkiv, Kyiv-Zaporozhye, Kyiv-Pokrovsk, Kyiv-Lviv, Kyiv-Kryvyi Rih, Kyiv-Ternopil, and Kyiv-Odesa.
7.7 What is the longest section of railway in Ukraine?
The oldest railway line in Ukraine is the Lviv-Przemyśl line. The first four-car "Yaroslav" passenger train arrived there from Vienna (via Przemyśl) to the Lviv railway station on November 4, 1861. It is symbolic that 155 years after this event, which is considered to be the beginning of the railway era in Ukraine, in December 2016, the first high-speed train "Intercity +" left from Kyiv to the Polish city of Przemysl (via Lviv).

In the first year of this route alone, the high-speed train №705 / 706 Kyiv-Przemysl-Kyiv carried 213,300 passengers.
7.8 What is the largest railway junction in Ukraine?
The largest railway junction in Ukraine is the railway station "Znamyanka" of the regional "Odesa Railway". The Znamyanka railway station has about 100 trains a day. The city is located 40 kilometers from Kropyvnytskyi. Znamenka was founded in 1869, when the train traffic in the Odesa-Kharkiv line opened. It was at the same time that the railway station was opened.
7.9 What is the longest railway route in Ukraine?
The longest passenger route in Ukraine connects Uzhgorod with Lisichansk, Luhansk region. This connection was opened on December 10, 2017. It runs passenger train №45 / 46, with 14 cars, and 594 seats. The length of the route is 1,656 km. In 2018 636,366 passengers were transported from Uzhhorod to Lisichansk, or 1,748 per train; and 631,202 passengers were transported from Lisichansk to Uzhgorod, or 1,734 per train.
7.10 Which section of the Ukrainian railway is considered the most romantic?
The love tunnel near the village of Klevan in the Rivne region, which is part of the Ukrainian railway, is called the most romantic place in Ukraine. You can reach Klevan by train. The village is on the road from Rivne to Lutsk. The green tunnel is in the shape of an ideal arch, formed by thickets, trees, and bushes.

Once, this railroad led to a military base and was surrounded by the trees for disguise. Recently, the trees and bushes have ceased to be pruned, so a natural tunnel has been formed. Its perfect shape comes from a train that goes to a local factory, breaking long branches on its way.
7.11 Olympic champions
Try to find surnames of Ukrainian Olympic Champions!

- Four-time Olympic champion 2000, 2004 (swimming): gold in the 200 and 400 meters, silver in the 800 meters.

- 2008, 2012 Olympic Champion (boxing): Gold

- 1996 Olympic Champion (Sports Gymnastics): Gold in the overall championship, gold in freestyle, silver on the beam.

- Olympic Champion and silver medalist at the 2016 Olympic Games (gymnastics): gold on parallel bars, silver in the overall championship.

- 2012 Olympic Champion (Boxing): Gold.

- Olympic champion (fencing): 2008 team championship, 2012 bronze medalist.

- 2018 Olympic Champion (cross-country acrobatics): Gold

- Olympic champion and silver medalist 2000, 2004 (sports gymnastics): second place in the Ukrainian national team, first place in parallel bars.

- 2008 Olympic Champion (Fencing): Gold

- First Olympic Champion of Independent Ukraine, 1994 (figure skating): Gold
7.12 Bell towers
Try to collect these!

- Sofia bell tower, Kyiv

Height - 76 meters.
The St. Sophia Cathedral bell tower in Kyiv is a monument of Ukrainian architecture in the style of Ukrainian baroque. The bell tower was built from 1699 to 1706, and significantly rebuilt in 1744-1748.

- Great Lavra bell tower, Kyiv

Height - 96.5 meters.
The highest bell tower in Ukraine.
It is an octagonal, four-tiered tower with a gilded dome. The bell tower was built from 1731 to 1745.

- The bell tower of the Transfiguration Cathedral, Sumy

Height - 56 meters.
Two-domed cathedral, built in a combination of architectural styles: Renaissance, Baroque and Classicism. A clock with a dial is built on the bell tower. The bell tower was built from 1776 to 1788.

- Assumption Cathedral, Kharkiv

Height - 89.5 meters.
The cathedral is made in baroque style with elements of Ukrainian architectural traditions.
The bell tower was built from 1821 to 1844.
7.13 Banknotes
Try to collect these!

- 5 UAH Banknote

Front Drawing - portrait of Bohdan Khmelnitsky.
Reverse Drawing - a church in the village of Subotov.
Size - 63x118 mm
Print date - 2015
Put into circulation on 01/07/2015

- 50 UAH Banknote

Front Drawing - portrait of Michael Hrushevsky.
Reverse Drawing - the image of theCentral Council of Ukraine building.
Size - 72x136 mm
Print date - 2014
Put into circulation on 01/07/2015

- Banknote of 500 UAH

Front Drawing - portrait of Gregory Skovoroda.
Reverse Drawing - Kyiv-Mohyla Academy.
Size - 75x154 mm
Print date - 2018
Put into circulation on - 02/22/2019

- Banknote of 1000 UAH

Front Drawing - portrait of Volodymyr Vernadsky.
Reverse Drawing - the building of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.
Size - 75x160 mm
Print date - 2019
Put into circulation on 25.10.2019
7.14 Places
Try to collect these!

- The name of this city in Crimean Tatar means "garden palace". It is located in the inner strand of the Crimean mountains, in the valley of the Churuk-Suk river.

- This city in the Mykolaiv region is located 480 km from the capital of Ukraine.

- This is a city of regional importance in the Dnipropetrovsk region. It is the seventh largest city in the region.

- This is a city of regional importance in the Lviv region. It hosts a Balneotherapy resort.
7.15 Shall we clean up after ourselves?
Our journey is almost over. It's time to be the perfect passenger and pack up your cabin.

To collect trash with the Kinect, move back and forth. You can even sit down. Your job is to grab the paper and bottles with your virtual hands and toss them into the trash bag.

You will now be using a game controller, but the level of cleanliness around us in real life is serious. This is also the story of our future. The cleaner it is, the clearer it is.
#8. Arrival
Ukraine is really wow, there is no doubt. But what is the "wow" that stands behind it, other than its achievements of the past? Wow is a resource that a person extracts from themselves and which they can share with others. Wow - is you. It's your accomplishments, both big and small. Wow is our daily attitude to ourselves, to each other, and to Ukraine. It is only because we exist. A country cannot exist without its people.

It is through our joint efforts that we energize the country, and make it worthy of admiration and love. We visualize it. Ukraine is WOW because we are WOW. And everyone is wow, too. There simply cannot be another way. Tell yourself right now: "I am wow" And let everything just be wow. Let everything be Ukraine! Get your lucky ticket.
8.1 Heart of Ukraine
You know what happens when you like someone a lot. You see them, get a bit nauseous, your feet shuffle, and you get a lump in your throat. And the heart ... It starts to beat faster. Bounces and jumps.

And if the feeling is mutual, then your feelings get stronger. You know? So is Ukraine. When she feels that you are interested in her, that you are passionate and fascinated, that you are here and with her, her big heart is ready to fight just for you. Her heart will pulse excessively and passionately. As it is now. Are you excited about Ukraine? She is definitely excited for you.
8.2 Tell us about your WOW
When we started, we wanted to show you the best.We wanted to collect everything in one place.

However, we soon realized that that kind of mission was impossible. The WOW potential of Ukraine is simply enormous. It's immense. Therefore, we need your help.
Tell us about the "wows" that you didn't see here, but are, in your opinion, worthy of attention.

People, events, places: Add what you see fit. In this way, you will become part of a project that is just beginning. After all, Ukraine's fascination is endless.
8.3 Your lucky ticket
8.4 Those exact words
There is this saying that poetry is just the best words in the best order. Bohdan Stupka's monologue would like to be outlined in this way. Even though this video was recorded in 2012, the great actor has not been with us for seven years. It is one of the most glowing confessions of love to Ukraine.
And it is such a delight that inspires anyone on their own journey.

"I was fortunate! I saw the world!"
I have seen the majestic Amazon, but my breath is caught when I see the calm majesty of the Dnipro. I was curious about the Grand Canyon, but I was just as stunned to see the basalt pillars of the Rivne region.
I have been covered by the warm waters of the Caribbean, yet only Synevir fills me with the energy of eternal youth. I have touched the stones of Stonehenge and felt nothing. Only the cliffs of Demerdzhi responded to my touch with the warmth of the Crimean sun. The luxury of Versailles amazed me, but I prefer the cozy beauty of the Massandra palace.
I have descended into America's most beautiful caves, but they are not as fascinating as the gallery of fairy tales in the Marble Cave. I was in the Tower of London, but I feel the power in the rigid towers of Lutsk Castle.

I have seen much more, but I love Ukraine. And I believe you love her too! "

Bogdan Stupka, actor
8.5 Activate the WOW!
At the beginning of this exhibit, you were greeted with three capital letters, blinking, twirling, and drawing attention in every way. Here, at the very end of the project, we will reveal the secret. These letters, our 'WOW', are activated by you, our visitors.

Because no "wow" can happen without a person. And now push, pull, turn! Then look at the screen as the 'WOW' comes to life.
8.6 Arrival
We are happy to be able to show you so much. It's very wow-ing.

The trip will end soon. However, your own journey may just be starting. Let our little attempt to rediscover Ukraine be the beginning of your great journey with it.

Before you go home, turn to the ticket offices and buy your ticket. It doesn't matter where. It is just important that you travel around Ukraine again. The landscapes and objects seen here will become reality, and you will shout "Wow! Wow! Wow!" from meeting our fantastic Ukraine again.

Do it. Don't stop.

© All Right Reserved. Ukraine WOW.
Website by Cosmos Studio
Made on